Barley is a cereal with a large cultivation area in the world. Agriculture and striving to obtain specific quality properties of barley grains are closely dependent on its intended use.
FODDER BARLEY is used for the production of animal feed and in the food industry (e.g. grain, breakfast cereals, sprouts, etc.). Due to the lack of gluten protein, it is not used for bread baking.
MALTING BARLEY (described in a separate tab) is used for the production of barley malt required in the process of alcoholic fermentation of beer and whisky.
Fodder and malting barley cultivation technologies mainly differ by the selection of varieties and the recommended level of nitrogen fertilisation. The root system of barley is clearly weaker than in other cereals, which results in poor uptake of nutrients and water from the soil. For this reason, in addition to a balanced soil fertilisation, this species also requires supplemental foliar feeding. Phosphorus and potassium - size doses depends on the content of assimilable forms of these nutrients in the soil and the expected yield level. Fertilisation with these nutrients is the same for Fodder barley and Malting barley.
In the cultivation of spring barley, in order to reduce adverse effect of periodic water shortages, it is recommended to supply phosphorus and potassium as a preventive measure, even in areas rich in those components, and thus corresponding to the average class of abundance, as well as foliar supplementation with those components. Barley has a strong demand for magnesium, and for low abundance of soil it is recommended to fertilise the soil before sowing in autumn, as well as apply foliar feeding during the growing season. Nitrogen - the dose is determined according to the needs (soil abundance, grain intended use, and yield size).
The following trace elements play a particularly important role: manganese (MIKROVIT MANGANESE or MIKROCHELAT Mn-13) and copper (MIKROVIT COPPER or MIKROCHELAT Cu-15). Nitrogen transformation catalyst is molybdenum (MIKROVIT MOLYBDENUM), which in the winter varieties increases the resistance to low temperatures when supplied in the autumn. When the soil has a poor organic matter content or during drought conditions, it may be necessary to apply foliar feeding with boron (MIKROVIT BORON). Feeding programs for Fodder barley are similar as for wheat.
Foliar feeding of crops with suitable nutrients (PLONVIT fertilisers) and promoting the growth of their natural resistance (OPTYSIL, TYTANIT biostimulants) improve proper crop development, health, and resistance to stress. All these treatments discussed in further tabs, significantly impact the increase in yield and its good quality properties.