The cultivation of oats was once widespread, but much reduced in recent decades; currently its popularity is recovering due to:
- beneficial role of oat in crop rotation - phytosanitary and weed control action on soil and consequent crops
- nutritive value of this species - oat has a relatively high protein content (9.6-11.5%) with a very good composition and contains significant amounts of valuable fat (4.7%). It is used in horse and livestock feeding. Oats also becomes popular as green feed, silage and dry feed, both in pure seeding, as well as in mixtures with legumes.
- health benefits of oats, for example beta-glucan content (reduces cholesterol level in the blood)
Oat is a spring cereal cultivated in countries with temperate climate. It is characterized by: low thermal requirements, high water requirements, tolerance to a wide range of soil pH (pH 4.5-7.2), early sowing, low productive grafting and sensitivity to shedding.
Oat is cheaper to grow than other crops - it requires less fertiliser and lower chemical protection. When grown extensively, it yields low, at the level of approx. 2.5 t/ha. Higher yields are possible with higher levels of agricultural culture. The condition for utilising the biological potential of oat varieties is the appropriate cultivation technique, including proper mineral fertilisation and foliar feeding.
Deficiency of phosphorus and potassium adversely affects the growth of oat crops - it causes significantly reduced ability to yield and increases susceptibility to diseases and lodging. Nitrogen primarily affects the number of spikelets in the panicle, improves productivity of the leaves and increases protein content in the grain. Among all cereals oat has the highest requirements for magnesium and is very sensitive to the deficiency of copper (MIKROVIT COPPER or MIKROCHELAT Cu-15) and manganese (MIKROVIT MANGANESE or MIKROCHELAT Mn-13), as well as zinc (MIKROVIT ZINC or MIKROCHELAT Zn-15) and molybdenum (MIKROVIT MOLYBDENUM).
Foliar feeding (two standard treatments in the spring season) has a beneficial effect on the correct grafting, development and yield of oats. Therefore, even in a very cost-effective technology of oat cultivation, it is necessary to perform foliar feeding with trace elements containing fertiliser at least twice (PLONVIT CEREALS), while in an intensive cultivation it is recommended to implement an appropriate foliar feeding programme.
Foliar feeding of crops with suitable nutrients (PLONVIT fertilisers) and promoting the growth of their natural resistance (OPTYSIL, TYTANIT biostimulants) improve proper crop development, health, and resistance to stress. All these treatments discussed in further tabs, significantly impact the increase in yield and its good quality properties.