Sugar beet is a widely cultivated species in the temperate climate zone, where it is a vital raw material for sugar industry. It has great soil and climatic requirements (it requires a substantial rainfall level - transpiration rate for sugar beet is 340 litres of water to produce 1 tonne of dry matter). Due to the high biomass production potential, sugar beet requires heavy fertilisation.
A deficiency of nutrients reduces root yield, and their excess not only does not increase the yield, but actually significantly deteriorates the quality of sugar beets. The aim of sugar beet cultivation techniques is to maximize the yield of sugar (root yield plus sugar content, so called sugar on the field). The processing value of roots is reduced by the content of alpha-amino nitrogen, which is the most important molasses-producing component (molasses producers cause losses in sugar mills in the final stage of production process, hampering the crystallisation of sugar and causing its transformation to molasses). These also include potassium and sodium ions, but their effect on reducing sugar yield is much lower. The correct and optimum fertilisation of sugar beets, including foliar feeding, substantially determines the size of yield and impacts the quality parameters, which in turn determines the economic effect of cultivation.
Macronutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium and sulphur are supplied to the soil and by foliar supplementation with appropriate fertilizers. Whereas all the requirements of sugar beets for trace elements may be satisfied by foliar feeding. The most vital trace elements for sugar beet include: boron (MIKROVIT BORON), manganese (MIKROVIT MANGANESE or MIKROCHELAT Mn-13), copper (MIKROVIT COPPER or MIKROCHELAT Cu-15), and zinc (MIKROVIT ZINC or MIKROCHELAT Zn-15), as well as molybdenum (MIKROVIT MOLYBDENUM).
The good condition of crops determines the size of root yield and their good processing properties. Healthy crops - intensive photosynthesis, lower risk of diseases, and higher sugar content in the roots.
STRESS CONTROL SYSTEM (SCS-SUGAR BEET), a strategy of supporting the natural resistance of crops through the use of INTERMAG stimulants and activators, effectively improves sugar beet natural resistance to adverse environmental and cultivation conditions, hence reducing the risk of loss of part of the yield.
Foliar feeding of crops with suitable nutrients (PLONVIT fertilisers) and promoting the growth of their natural resistance (OPTYSIL, TYTANIT biostimulants) improve proper crop development, health, and resistance to stress. All these treatments discussed in further tabs, significantly impact the increase in yield and its good quality properties.