Triticale as a synthetic hybrid of wheat and rye, combines the features of both species: wheat - a relatively high nutritional value of grains, rye - tolerance to soil quality and its acidification. Winter triticale has a dominant economic importance.
Triticale grain is a raw material for animal feed suitable for most livestock - it is characterised by high content of proteins with a beneficial amino acid composition, high digestibility coefficient (protein content most often is 11-12% for winter crops and 13% for spring crops). It contains a relatively small amount of anti-nutritive substances. Triticale is hardly used in baking. The highest concentration of protein compounds in triticale is found in the outer layers of the endosperm, thus during milling great amounts go into the bran. For this reason, triticale flour contains less protein than other cereals. A lower baking value also results from the high sensitivity of starch to high temperature during baking (gelatinisation rate). Triticale grain may, however, be used for the production of malt and bioethanol. Mineral fertilisation and foliar feeding of triticale are similar to those for wheat.
Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium and sulphur are supplied to the soil and supplemented by foliar feeding, and the entire demand for trace elements may be satisfied by foliar feeding.Particularly important trace elements include: copper (MIKROVIT COPPER or MIKROCHELAT Cu-15), manganese (MIKROVIT MANGANESE or MIKROCHELAT Mn-13), as well as molybdenum normally recommended for use in the autumn, for example to increase the resistance of winter crops to low temperatures (MIKROVIT MOLYBDENUM).
Foliar feeding of crops with suitable nutrients (PLONVIT fertilisers) and promoting the growth of their natural resistance (OPTYSIL, TYTANIT biostimulants) improve proper crop development, health, and resistance to stress. All these treatments discussed in further tabs, significantly impact the increase in yield and its good quality properties.