Crop guides: Sugar beet

Crop Specificity: Sugar beet

Sugar beet is a widely cultivated species in the temperate climate zone, where it is a vital raw material for sugar industry. It has great soil and climatic requirements (it requires a substantial rainfall level - transpiration rate for sugar beet is 340 litres of water to produce 1 tonne of dry matter). Due to the high biomass production potential, sugar beet requires heavy fertilisation.

A deficiency of nutrients reduces root yield, and their excess not only does not increase the yield, but actually significantly deteriorates the quality of sugar beets. The aim of sugar beet cultivation techniques is to maximize the yield of sugar (root yield plus sugar content, so called sugar on the field). The processing value of roots is reduced by the content of alpha-amino nitrogen, which is the most important molasses-producing component (molasses producers cause losses in sugar mills in the final stage of production process, hampering the crystallisation of sugar and causing its transformation to molasses). These also include potassium and sodium ions, but their effect on reducing sugar yield is much lower. The correct and optimum fertilisation of sugar beets, including foliar feeding, substantially determines the size of yield and impacts the quality parameters, which in turn determines the economic effect of cultivation.   

Macronutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium and sulphur  are supplied to the soil and by foliar supplementation with appropriate fertilizers. Whereas all the requirements of sugar beets for trace elements may be satisfied by foliar feeding. The most vital trace elements for sugar beet include: boron (MIKROVIT BORON), manganese (MIKROVIT MANGANESE or MIKROCHELAT Mn-13), copper (MIKROVIT COPPER or MIKROCHELAT Cu-15), and zinc (MIKROVIT ZINC or MIKROCHELAT Zn-15), as well as molybdenum (MIKROVIT MOLYBDENUM). 

The good condition of crops determines the size of root yield and their good processing properties. Healthy crops - intensive photosynthesis, lower risk of diseases, and higher sugar content in the roots.

STRESS CONTROL SYSTEM (SCS-SUGAR BEET), a strategy of supporting the natural resistance of crops through the use of INTERMAG stimulants and activators, effectively improves sugar beet natural resistance to adverse environmental and cultivation conditions, hence reducing the risk of loss of part of the yield. 
Foliar feeding of crops with suitable nutrients (PLONVIT fertilisers) and promoting the growth of their natural resistance (OPTYSIL, TYTANIT biostimulants) improve proper crop development, health, and resistance to stress. All these treatments discussed in further tabs, significantly impact the increase in yield and its good quality properties.

Nutrition Program - diagram: Sugar beet

in progress

Nutrition Program - description: Sugar beet

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Nutrient Deficiencies: Sugar beet

Nutrient deficiencies: Nitrogen (N)

Fertilizers that quickly provide Nitrogen (N):

PLONVIT NITRO

Crystalline, water-soluble NPK foliar fertiliser with high concentration of nutrients, with majority of nitrogen.

PLONVIT NITROMAG

Liquid foliar nitrogen fertilizer with addition of magnesium and micronutrients (containing 370g of N in 1L)

Nutrient deficiencies: Phosphorus (P)

Fertilizers that quickly provide Phosphorus (P):

ALKALIN PK 10:20

Liquid, high-alkaline (pH ≥ 11.3), foliar phosphorus-potassium fertilizer

GROWON

Activator of energy

PLONVIT FOSTAR

Liquid foliar phosphorus fertilizer with 500g P2O5 in 1L

PLONVIT PHOSPHO

Crystalline water-soluble NPK fertiliser with high concentration of nutrients, with majority of phosphorus.

PLONVIT UNI PK 10:18

Liquid phosphorus-potassium fertilizer with 140g P2O5 and 245 g K2O in 1L

Nutrient deficiencies: Potassium (K)

Fertilizers that quickly provide Potassium (K):

ALKALIN K+Si

Liquid, high-alkaline (pH ≥ 13.5), foliar potassium fertilizer with silicon

ALKALIN KB+Si

Liquid, high-alkaline (pH ≥ 13.5), foliar potassium-boron fertilizer with silicon

ALKALIN PK 10:20

Liquid, high-alkaline (pH ≥ 11.3), foliar phosphorus-potassium fertilizer

PLONVIT KALI

Crystalline water-soluble NPK fertiliser with high concentration of nutrients, with majority of potassium.

PLONVIT KALPRIM

Liquid potassium fertilizer with 400g K2O in 1L

PLONVIT UNI PK 10:18

Liquid phosphorus-potassium fertilizer with 140g P2O5 and 245 g K2O in 1L

Nutrient deficiencies: Calcium (Ca)

Fertilizers that quickly provide Calcium (Ca):

OPTYCAL

Calcium activator

PLONVIT CALCIUM

Liquid calcium fertiliser with micronutrients containing 260 g CaO in 1 litre

Nutrient deficiencies: Magnesium (Mg)

Fertilizers that quickly provide Magnesium (Mg):

MIKROKOMPLEX

Crystalline magnesium and micro-element fertiliser

Nutrient deficiencies: Sulphur (S)

Fertilizers that quickly provide Sulphur (S):

MIKROKOMPLEX

Crystalline magnesium and micro-element fertiliser

PLONVIT BOROSULF

Crystalline, water-soluble foliar fertiliser with high concentration of boron and sulphur, with magnesium and microelements.

Nutrient deficiencies: Boron (B)

Fertilizers that quickly provide Boron (B):

MIKROVIT BORON

Liquid, foliar boron fertilizer containing 150 g of Boron in 1L

PLONVIT BOROSULF

Crystalline, water-soluble foliar fertiliser with high concentration of boron and sulphur, with magnesium and microelements.

Nutrient deficiencies: Copper (Cu)

Fertilizers that quickly provide Copper (Cu):

MIKROVIT COPPER

Liquid foliar copper fertiliser containing 80 g Cu in 1 litre

Nutrient deficiencies: Iron (Fe)

Fertilizers that quickly provide Iron (Fe):

MIKROCHELAT Fe-13

EDTA chelated iron (130 g Fe per kg) in the form of readily soluble in water ultra-granulate

MIKROVIT IRON

Liquid foliar iron fertiliser containing 75 g Fe in 1 litre

Nutrient deficiencies: Manganese (Mn)

Fertilizers that quickly provide Manganese (Mn):

MIKROCHELAT Mn-13

EDTA chelated manganese (130 g Mn per kg) in the form of readily soluble in water ultra-granulate

MIKROVIT MANGANESE

Liquid foliar manganese fertiliser containing 160 g Mn in 1 litre

Nutrient deficiencies: Molybdenum (Mo)

Fertilizers that quickly provide Molybdenum (Mo):

MIKROVIT MOLYBDENUM

Liquid foliar molybdenum fertiliser containing 33 g Mo in 1 litre

Nutrient deficiencies: Zinc (Zn)

Fertilizers that quickly provide Zinc (Zn):

MIKROCHELAT Zn-15

EDTA chelated zinc (150 g Zn per kg) in the form of readily soluble in water ultra-granulate

MIKROVIT ZINC

Liquid foliar zinc fertiliser containing 112 g Zn in 1 litre

Stress Control System: Sugar beet

in progress