PLONVIT FOSTAR

PLONVIT FOSTAR
Liquid foliar phosphorus fertilizer with 500g P2O5 in 1L
Available packaging
  •     1l; 5l; 10l; 20l; 1000l
Directions for use
Foliar sprays

Liquid foliar phosphorus fertilizer with 500g P2O5 in 1L

FOLIAR SPRAYS

PLONVIT FOSTAR is intended for foliar application in the form of an aqueous solution. PLONVIT FOSTAR can be used together with other agrochemicals after conducting a miscibility test. Test results are presented in the table INTERMAG agrochemicals mixing table.
Detailed recommendations for foliar application are presented in the table below. You can also use the search engine and quickly find the dose rate and time of foliar application for your crop. Select your crop

 

Recommendations for foliar application for selected crops.
The recommendations may be modified taking into account the plants' requirements and growing conditions.

WHEAT winter crop
Number of foliar treatments: 2–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

Autumn:

◆ 3–6 leaves unfolded (BBCH 13–16)

2–6 l/ha

Spring:

◆ tillering (BBCH 22–29)

2–6 l/ha

◇/◆ stem elongation (BBCH 30–39)

Consider treatments optimum for varieties with high demand for phosphorus and in conditions of poor phosphorus uptake from the soil (e.g. low phosphorus content in the soil, periodic water deficiency, soil pH below 6.0 or above 7.0) and in order to increase efficiency of kernel formation.

2–6 l/ha
◇ heading – until early milk maturity of grains (BBCH 51–73) except of flowering period, when foliar treatments are not recommended 2–6 l/ha
WHEAT spring crop

Number of foliar treatments: 1–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ leaf development – tillering (BBCH 13–29)

2–6 l/ha

◇/◆ stem elongation (BBCH 30–39)

Consider treatments optimum for varieties with high demand for phosphorus and in conditions of poor phosphorus uptake from the soil (e.g. low phosphorus content in the soil, periodic water deficiency, soil pH below 6.0 or above 7.0) and in order to increase efficiency of kernel formation.

2–6 l/ha

◇ heading – until early milk maturity of grains (BBCH 51–73) except of flowering period, when foliar treatments are not recommended

2–6 l/ha
TRITICALE winter crop

Number of foliar treatments: 2–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

Autumn:
◆  3–6 leaves unfolded (BBCH 13–16)

2–6 l/ha

Spring:
◆ continuation of tillering (BBCH 25–29)

2–6 l/ha

◇/◆ stem elongation (BBCH 30–39)

Consider treatments optimum for varieties with high demand for phosphorus and in conditions of poor phosphorus uptake from the soil (e.g. low phosphorus content in the soil, periodic water deficiency, soil pH below 6.0 or above 7.0) and in order to increase efficiency of kernel formation.

2–6 l/ha

◇ heading – until early milk maturity of grains (BBCH 51–73) except of flowering period, when foliar treatments are not recommended

2–6 l/ha
TRITICALE spring crop
Number of foliar treatments: 1–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ leaf development – tillering (BBCH 13–29) 2–6 l/ha

◆ stem elongation (BBCH 30–39)

Consider treatments optimum for varieties with high demand for phosphorus and in conditions of poor phosphorus uptake from the soil (e.g. low phosphorus content in the soil, periodic water deficiency, soil pH below 6.0 or above 7.0) and in order to increase efficiency of kernel formation.

2–6 l/ha
◇ heading – until early milk maturity of grains (BBCH 51–73) except of flowering period, when foliar treatments are not recommended 2–6 l/ha
BARLEY (FEED) winter crop
Number of foliar treatments: 3–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

Autumn
◆ leaf development – until beginning of tillering (BBCH 13–22)

2–6 l/ha

Spring
◆ beginning of steam elongation (BBCH 30–32)

2–6 l/ha

◆ flag leaf stage – until first awns visible (BBCH 39–49)

2–6 l/ha
◇ end of flowering – until medium milk maturity of grains (BBCH 69–75) 2–6 l/ha
BARLEY (FEED) spring crop

Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ leaf development – until beginning of steam elongation (BBCH 13–32)

2–6 l/ha

◆ flag leaf stage – until first awns visible (BBCH 39–49)

2–6 l/ha
◇ end of flowering – until medium milk maturity of grains (BBCH 69–75) 2–6 l/ha
BARLEY (MALTING) winter crop
Number of foliar treatments: 3-4. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

Autumn:

◆ leaf development – until beginning of tillering (BBCH 13–22)

2–6 l/ha

Spring:

◆ beginning of steam elongation (BBCH 30–32)

2–6 l/ha

◆ flag leaf stage – until first awns visible (BBCH 39–49)

2–6 l/ha
◇ end of flowering – until medium milk maturity of grains (BBCH 69–75) 2–6 l/ha
BARLEY (MALTING) spring crop
Number of foliar treatments: 3-4. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ leaf development – until beginning of steam elongation (BBCH 13–32) 2–6 l/ha
◆ flag leaf stage – until first awns visible (BBCH 39–49) 2–6 l/ha
◇ end of flowering – until medium milk maturity of grains (BBCH 69–75) 2–6 l/ha
RYE winter crop

Number of foliar treatments: 2-4. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

Autumn:
◆ leaf development – until beginning of tillering (BBCH 13–22)

2–6 l/ha

Spring
◆ beginning of steam elongation (BBCH 30–32)

2–6 l/ha

◇/◆ flag leaf stage – until beginning of heading (BBCH 39–51)

Consider treatments optimum for varieties with high demand for phosphorus and in conditions of poor phosphorus uptake from the soil (e.g. low phosphorus content in the soil, periodic water deficiency, soil pH below 6.0 or above 7.0) and in order to increase efficiency of kernel formation.

2–6 l/ha
◇ end of flowering – until early milk maturity of grains (BBCH 69–73) 2–6 l/ha
RYE spring crop
Number of foliar treatments: 1-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◇ leaf development – until beginning of steam elongation (BBCH 13–32) 2–6 l/ha

◇/◆ flag leaf stage – until beginning of heading (BBCH 39–51)

The treatment should be considered as optimal in case of varieties with high phosphorus demands and in conditions of poor phosphorus uptake from the soil (e.g. low phosphorus content in the soil, periodic water deficiency, soil pH below 6.0 or above 7.0) and in order to increase efficiency of kernel formation.
2–6 l/ha
◇ end of flowering – until early milk maturity of grains (BBCH 69–73) 2–6 l/ha
OAT

Number of foliar treatments: 1-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ leaf development – until beginning of tillering (BBCH 13–22) 2–6 l/ha
◇ stem elongation – until flag leaf stage (BBCH 30–39) 2–6 l/ha
◇ end of flowering – until early milk maturity of grains (BBCH 69–73) 2–6 l/ha
OILSEED RAPE winter crops

Number of foliar treatments: 3–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

Autumn:
◆ 4–8 leaves unfolded (BBCH 14–18)

2–6 l/ha

Spring:
◆ after spring start of plant growth, main stem development (BBCH 30–36)

2–6 l/ha
◆ inflorescence emergence – until beginning of flowering (BBCH 50–61) 2–6 l/ha
◇ full flowering (beginning of petals fall) – until beginning of pods development (BBCH 65–73) 2–6 l/ha
CANOLA
Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ leaf development – until beginning of main stem development (BBCH 14–31) 2–6 l/ha
◆ inflorescence emergence – until beginning of flowering (BBCH 50–61) 2–6 l/ha
◇ full flowering (beginning of petals fall) – until beginning of pods development (BBCH 65–73) 2–6 l/ha
SUNFLOWER

Number of foliar treatments: 1-2. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 2–3 pairs of leaves (BBCH 14–16) 2–6 l/ha
◇ beginning of stem elongation (BBCH 30–33) 2–6 l/ha
FLAX

Number of foliar treatments: 1-2. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ leaf development on the main stem (BBCH 12–14) 2–6 l/ha
◆ stem growth (BBCH 30–35) 2–6 l/ha
MAIZE

Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 2–6 leaves unfolded (BBCH 12–16), 4 leaves is the optimum stage for treatment 2–6 l/ha
◆ 7–8 leaves unfolded (BBCH 17–18) 2–6 l/ha

◇/◆ stem elongation – until beginning of tassel formation (BBCH 31–51), until the height of the plants allows spray treatment

Consider treatments optimum in conditions of poor phosphorus uptake from the soil (e.g. low phosphorus content in the soil, low temperature, periodic water deficiency, soil pH below 6.0 or above 7.0).

2–6 l/ha
SUGAR BEET

Number of foliar treatments: 1-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 4–6 leaves unfolded (BBCH 14–16) 2–6 l/ha

◇/◆ 8 leaves unfolded – until beginning of crop cover (BBCH 18–31)

 

The treatment should be considered as optimal in the conditions of limited phosphorus uptake from soil (eg low phosphorus content in soil, low temperature, periodic water shortages, soil pH below 6.0 or above 7.0).

2–6 l/ha
◇ leaves cover 20–50% of ground (BBCH 32–35) 2–6 l/ha
POTATO

Number of foliar treatments: 2-7. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 3–6 leaves unfolded on the main shoot (BBCH 13–16) 4–6(8) l/ha
◇ formation of side shoots until crop cover (BBCH 21–39) 4–6(8) l/ha

◆ * beginning of tuber formation (tuberisation, hooking) until tubers reach 10% of typical weight (BBCH 40–41)


* For varieties showing a tendency to form a small number of tubers, perform two treatments of 4 l/ha every 5–7 days: 1st – just before the beginning of tuberisation (BBCH 39), 2nd – at the beginning of tuberisation (BBCH 40). 1 treatment is acceptable – 8 l/ha, at the beginning of tuberisation (BBCH 40).

4–6(8) l/ha

◇/◆ tubers reach 20% of typical weight until tuber completely covered with skin (BBCH 42–49), 1– 4 treatments every 14–21 days

 

The treatment should be considered as optimal in the conditions of limited phosphorus uptake from soil (eg low phosphorus content in soil, low temperature, periodic water shortages, soil pH below 6.0 or above 7.0).

4–6(8) l/ha
SOYBEAN

Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ trifoliolate leaf on the 3rd node unfolded – beginning of side shoots development (BBCH 13–23) 2–6 l/ha
◆ inflorescence emergence (BBCH 51–59) 2–6 l/ha
◇ beginning of pods and seeds development (BBCH 70–72) 2–6 l/ha
SORGHUM

Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 3–6 leaves (BBCH 13–16) 2–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of tillering until beginning of stem elongation (BBCH 21–32)  2–6 l/ha
◇ stem elongation until beginning of tassel formation (BBCH 31–51) 2–6 l/ha
SUGAR CANE

Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ leaf development (BBCH 13–19) 2–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of stem elongation (BBCH 31–33) 2–6 l/ha
◇ stem elongation until beginning of tassel development (BBCH 35–51) 2–6 l/ha
RICE

Number of foliar treatments: 2-4. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 4–6 leaves unfolded (BBCH 14–16) 2–6 l/ha
◇ tillering (BBCH 21–29) 2–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of stem elongation (BBCH 30–32) 2–6 l/ha
◇ beginning of panicle emergence (BBCH 51–53) 2–6 l/ha
COTTON

Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 4th–6th true leaf unfolded (BBCH 14–16) 2–6 l/ha

◇/◆ formation of side shoots – until 50% of plants meet between rows (BBCH 21–35)

 

The treatment should be considered as optimal when plants are grown on soils with a pH below 5,9 or above 6.8, with a high zinc (Zn) content and in the case of phosphorus symptoms deficiency.

2–6 l/ha

◆ inflorescence emergence – until beginning of flowering (BBCH 51–61)

2–6 l/ha
APPLE TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 4-5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ green bud stage (BBCH 55–56)  3–6 l/ha
◆ pink bud stage (BBCH 57-59) 3–6 l/ha
◆ flowers fading, majority of petals fallen (BBCH 67) 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit reaches a size of up to 10 mm (BBCH 71) 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of ripening: first appearance of color specific for the variety (BBCH 81) approx. 4 weeks before harvest  3–6 l/ha
PEAR TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 3–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ green bud stage (BBCH 55–56)  3–6 l/ha
◆ white bud stage (BBCH 57-59) 3–6 l/ha
◆ flowers fading, majority of petals fallen (BBCH 67) 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71) 3–6 l/ha
CHERRY TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 3-4. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ white bud stage (BBCH 57–59) 3–6 l/ha
◆ flowers fading, majority of petals fallen until end of flowering (BBCH 67–69) 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71–72) 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit reaches 70–90% of typical size (BBCH 77–79) 3–6 l/ha
SWEET CHERRY TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 3-4. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ white bud stage (BBCH 57–59) 3–6 l/ha
◆ flowers fading, majority of petals fallen until end of flowering (BBCH 67–69) 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71–72) 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit reaches 70–90% of typical size (BBCH 77–79) 3–6 l/ha
PLUM TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 4-5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ white bud stage (BBCH 57–59) 3–6 l/ha
◆ flowers fading, majority of petals fallen until end of flowering (BBCH 67–69) 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71) 3–6 l/ha
◆ ovary growing (BBCH 72) 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit reaches 50–60% of typical size (BBCH 75–76) 3–6 l/ha
PEACH TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 4-5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ pink bud stage (BBCH 57–59) 3–6 l/ha
◆ flowers fading, majority of petals fallen until end of flowering (BBCH 67–69) 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71) 3–6 l/ha
◆ ovary growing (BBCH 72) 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit reaches 50–60% of typical size (BBCH 75–76) 3–6 l/ha
APRICOT TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 4-5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ pink bud stage (BBCH 57–59) 3–6 l/ha
◆ flowers fading, majority of petals fallen until end of flowering (BBCH 67–69) 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71) 3–6 l/ha
◆ ovary growing (BBCH 72) 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit reaches 50–60% of typical size (BBCH 75–76) 3–6 l/ha
CITRUS

Number of foliar treatments: 4-5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ bud swelling – until beginning of bud burst (BBCH 01–07) 3–6 l/ha
◆ shoot about 20% of final length (BBCH 32) 3–6 l/ha
◇ beginning of inflorescence emergence (BBCH 51–53) 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71–72) 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of dormancy 3–6 l/ha
OLIVE TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 3. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ bud development (BBCH 51–53) 3–6 l/ha
◆ end of flowering (BBCH 67–69) 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit development (BBCH 71–75) 3–6 l/ha
COFFEE

Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ bud development (BBCH 51–53) 3–6 l/ha
◆ petals falling until end of flowering (BBCH 67–69) 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit development (BBCH 71–75) 3–6 l/ha
MANGO

Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ bud development (BBCH 51–53) 3–6 l/ha
◆ petals falling until end of flowering (BBCH 67–69) 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit development (BBCH 71–75) 3–6 l/ha
AVOCADO

Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ bud development (BBCH 51–53) 3–6 l/ha
◆ petals falling until end of flowering (BBCH 67–69) 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit development (BBCH 71–75) 3–6 l/ha
PAPAYA

Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ bud development (BBCH 51–53) 3–6 l/ha
◆ petals falling until end of flowering (BBCH 67–69) 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit development (BBCH 71–75) 3–6 l/ha
GOOSEBERRY

Number of foliar treatments: 1-2. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ end of flowering 3–6 l/ha
◇ beginning of fruit development 3–6 l/ha
RASPBERRY fruiting on the annual shoots

Number of foliar treatments: 3-7. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ leaf development (BBCH 10–16) 3–6 l/ha

◇/◆ shoots reach the length of 30-90% of the final length (BBCH 33-39) 1-2 treatments every 7-21 days 

 

Consider treatments optimum for varieties with high demand for phosphorus and in conditions of poor phosphorus uptake from the soil (e.g. low phosphorus content in the soil, periodic water deficiency, soil pH below 6.0 or above 7.0).

3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of inflorescence development (BBCH 51–54) 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of flowering (BBCH 61–64) 3–6 l/ha
◇ fruit development until fruit ripening (BBCH 71–89), 1–2 treatments every 5–14 days 3–6 l/ha
RASPBERRY fruiting on the biannual shoots

Number of foliar treatments: 4-8. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ leaf and shoot development (BBCH 10–39), 1–2 treatments every 7–21 days 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of inflorescence development (BBCH 51–54) 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of flowering (BBCH 60–64) 3–6 l/ha
◇ fruit development until fruit ripening (BBCH 71–89), 1–2 treatments every 5–14 days 3–6 l/ha

◇/◆ after fruit harvesting, 1–2 treatments every 10–21 days


Consider treatments optimum for varieties with high demand for phosphorus and in conditions of poor phosphorus uptake from the soil (e.g. low phosphorus content in the soil, periodic water deficiency, soil pH below 6.0 or above 7.0) and in order to improve plant condition during period of building yield potential for the next season and to increase winter hardiness of plants.

3–6 l/ha
CURRANT

Number of foliar treatments: 4–8. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ leaf and shoot development (BBCH 10–39), 1–2 treatments every 7–21 days 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of inflorescence development (BBCH 51–54) 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of flowering (BBCH 60–64) 3–6 l/ha
◇ fruit development until fruit ripening (BBCH 71–89), 1–2 treatments every 5–14 days 3–6 l/ha

◇/◆ after fruit harvesting, 1–2 treatments every 10–21 days


Consider treatments optimum for varieties with high demand for phosphorus and in conditions of poor phosphorus uptake from the soil (e.g. low phosphorus content in the soil, periodic water deficiency, soil pH below 6.0 or above 7.0) and in order to improve plant condition during period of building yield potential for the next season and to increase winter hardiness of plants

3–6 l/ha

BLUEBERRY – plantations without fertigation – fruiting plantations

Number of foliar treatments: 3–6. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ bud development 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of leaf development and inflorescence emergence 3–6 l/ha
◇ inflorescence emergence until beginning of flowering   3–6 l/ha
◆ end of flowering / beginning of fruit development 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit development and maturation 3–6 l/ha
◇ after harvest  3–6 l/ha
GRAPEVINE

Number of foliar treatments: 3-4. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 3rd–8th leaves unfolded (BBCH 13–18) 3–6 l/ha
◆ inflorescence emergence (BBCH 53–57) 3–6 l/ha
◇ end of flowering (BBCH 67–69) 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit development – until berries pea-sized (BBCH 71–75) 3–6 l/ha
STRAWBERRY – plantations without fertigation – Summer-bearing varieties, not yet fruiting plantations – planted in autumn
Number of foliar treatments: 3. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ Autumn in the planting year – before winter dormancy 3–6 l/ha
◆ Spring – leaf and crown development 3–6 l/ha
◆ Summer – further vegetative development and bud initiation for next season 3–6 l/ha
STRAWBERRY plantations without fertigation – Summer-bearing varieties, fully fruiting plantations

Number of foliar treatments: 4-6. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ after start of growing season: 3rd–7th leaf unfolded (BBCH 13–17) 3–6 l/ha
◆ balloon stage (forming of „hollow ball”) (BBCH 58–59) 3–6 l/ha
◇ beginning of flowering (BBCH 60–61) 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71–73) 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit ripening (BBCH 81) 3–6 l/ha
◆ after fruit harvest 3–6 l/ha
TOMATO

Number of foliar treatments: 3-6. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 5–7 true leaves unfolded on the main shoot (BBCH 15–17) 2–6 l/ha
◆ 1–3 inflorescences visible (BBCH 51–53) 2–6 l/ha
◆ first flowers open on 1–3 inflorescences (BBCH 61–63) 2–6 l/ha
◇ first fruit has reached the typical size on 1–2 clusters (BBCH 71–72) 2–6 l/ha

◇/◆ fruit development and ripening, 1–2 treatments every 7–21 days


Consider treatments optimum for varieties with high demand for phosphorus and in conditions of poor phosphorus uptake from the soil (e.g. low phosphorus content in the soil, periodic water deficiency, soil pH below 6.0 or above 7.0).

2–6 l/ha
PEPPER

Number of foliar treatments: 3-6. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 3–7 leaves unfolded on the main shoot (BBCH 13–17) 2–6 l/ha

◇/◆ 8–9 or more leaves unfolded on the main shoot (BBCH 18–19), 1–2 treatments every 5–7 days

 

Consider treatments optimum for varieties with high demand for phosphorus and in conditions of poor phosphorus uptake from the soil (e.g. low phosphorus content in the soil, periodic water deficiency, soil pH below 6.0 or above 7.0).

2–6 l/ha
◇ 1–3 inflorescences visible (BBCH 51–53) 2–6 l/ha
◆ 9 or more flower buds visible until beginning of flowering (BBCH 59–61) 2–6 l/ha
◆ 4–6 fruit have reached typical size and form (BBCH 74–76) 2–6 l/ha
CUCUMBER

Number of foliar treatments: 2–5. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 3–5 true leaves unfolded on the main stem (BBCH 13–15) 2–6 l/ha
◇ 6–8 leaves unfolded on the main shoot (BBCH 16–18) 2–6 l/ha
◆ 1–2 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 51–52) 2–6 l/ha
◇ 6–7 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 56–57) 2–6 l/ha
◇ after first harvesting (BBCH 71) 2–6 l/ha
PUMPKIN

Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 6–8 true leaves on the main stem unfolded (BBCH 16–18) 2–6 l/ha
◇ formation of primary side shoots (BBCH 21–29) 2–6 l/ha
◆ 1–2 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 51–52) 2–6 l/ha
MELON

Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 6–8 true leaves on the main stem unfolded (BBCH 16–18) 2–6 l/ha
◇ formation of primary side shoots (BBCH 21–29) 2–6 l/ha
◆ 1–2 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 51–52) 2–6 l/ha
WATERMELON

Number of foliar treatments: 2-5. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 6–8 true leaves on the main stem unfolded (BBCH 16–18) 2–6 l/ha
◆ formation of primary side shoots (BBCH 21–29) 2–6 l/ha
◇ 1–2 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 51–52) 2–6 l/ha
BULB VEGETABLES

Number of foliar treatments: 1-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 3–5 clearly visible leaves (BBCH 13–15) 2–6 l/ha
◇ leaf development until  harvestable plant parts begin to develop (BBCH 16–41) 2–6 l/ha
◇ development of harvestable plant parts, 30–50 % of expected bulb diameter (BBCH 43–45) 2–6 l/ha
BROCCOLI

Number of foliar treatments: 1-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 5–6 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–16) 2–6 l/ha
◇ 7 leaves until 9 or more side shoots visible (BBCH 17–29) 2–6 l/ha
◇ broccoli head begins to grow (> 1 cm) until head reaches 30% of typical size (BBCH 41–43) 2–6 l/ha
CAULIFLOWER

Number of foliar treatments: 1-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 5–6 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–16) 2–6 l/ha
◇ leaf development until cauliflower head begins to grow (> 1 cm)  (BBCH 17–41) 2–6 l/ha
◇ head reaches 20–50% of typical size (BBCH 42–45) 2–6 l/ha
WHITE HEAD CABBAGE

Number of foliar treatments: 1-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 5–6 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–16) 2–6 l/ha
◇ leaf development until head begins to grow (BBCH 17–41) 2–6 l/ha
◇ head reaches 30–70% of typical size (BBCH 43–47) 2–6 l/ha
RED HEAD CABBAGE
Number of foliar treatments: 1-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ 5–6 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–16) 2–6 l/ha
◇ leaf development until head begins to grow (BBCH 17–41) 2–6 l/ha
◇ head reaches 30–70% of typical size (BBCH 43–47) 2–6 l/ha
SAVOY CABAGE
Number of foliar treatments: 1-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ 5–6 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–16) 2–6 l/ha
◇ leaf development until head begins to grow (BBCH 17–41) 2–6 l/ha
◇ head reaches 30–70% of typical size (BBCH 43–47) 2–6 l/ha
CHINESE CABBAGE
Number of foliar treatments: 1-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ 5–6 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–16) 2–6 l/ha
◇ leaf development until head begins to grow (BBCH 17–41) 2–6 l/ha
◇ head reaches 30–70% of typical size (BBCH 43–47) 2–6 l/ha
BRUSSELS SPROUTS

Number of foliar treatments: 1-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 5–6 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–16) 2–6 l/ha
◇ main shoot growth until lateral buds begin to develop (BBCH 33–41) 2–6 l/ha
◇ development of lateral buds until 70% of sprouts close tightly (BBCH 43–47) 2–6 l/ha
KOHLRABI

Number of foliar treatments: up to 1. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ head begins to expand until head reaches 30% of typical size (BBCH 41–43) 2–6 l/ha
RADISH

Number of foliar treatments: up to 1. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ head begins to expand until head reaches 30% of typical size (BBCH 41–43) 2–6 l/ha
KALE

Number of foliar treatments: 1-2. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 5–7 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–17) 2–6 l/ha
◇ main shoot and leaf development (BBCH 33–45) 2–6 l/ha
CARROT

Number of foliar treatments: 2–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 3–4 true leaves (BBCH 13–14) 2–6 l/ha
◆ 5 true leaves / root begins to expand until root reaches 30% of typical diameter (BBCH 15/41–43) 2–6 l/ha
◇ root reaches 40% of typical diameter (BBCH 44) 2–6 l/ha
◇ root reaches 50% of typical diameter (BBCH 45) 2–6 l/ha
PARSLEY
Number of foliar treatments: 2–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ 3–4 true leaves (BBCH 13–14) 2–6 l/ha
◆ 5 true leaves / root begins to expand until root reaches 30% of typical diameter (BBCH 15/41–43) 2–6 l/ha
◇ root reaches 40% of typical diameter (BBCH 44) 2–6 l/ha
◇ root reaches 50% of typical diameter (BBCH 45) 2–6 l/ha
PARSNIP
Number of foliar treatments: 2–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ 3–4 true leaves (BBCH 13–14) 2–6 l/ha
◆ 5 true leaves / root begins to expand until root reaches 30% of typical diameter (BBCH 15/41–43) 2–6 l/ha
◇ root reaches 40% of typical diameter (BBCH 44) 2–6 l/ha
◇ root reaches 50% of typical diameter (BBCH 45) 2–6 l/ha
CELERY
Number of foliar treatments: seedling – 1; field grown 2–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha. Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

Seedling

◆ 1–3 true leaves (BBCH 11–13)

watering
0.05–0.1% solution

 

spraying
0.25–0.3% solution

Field-grown

◆ 5–6 true leaves (BBCH 15–16), approx.. 7 days after planting seedlings
2–6 l/ha
◆ 9 true leaves / root begins to expand until root reaches 30% of typical diameter (BBCH 19/41–43) 2–6 l/ha
◇ root reaches 40% of typical diameter (BBCH 44) 2–6 l/ha
◇ root reaches 50% of typical diameter (BBCH 45) 2–6 l/ha
BEETROOT
Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ 2–4 true leaves / 1–2 pairs of leaves (BBCH 12–14) 2–6 l/ha
◆ 5 true leaves / beginning of crop cover (BBCH 15/31) 2–6 l/ha
◇ storage root begins to develop, diameter above 2 cm (BBCH 41–43) 2–6 l/ha
PEA

Number of foliar treatments: 1-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ leaf and shoot development (BBCH 15–39)

2–6 l/ha

◆ first flower buds visible outside leaves until first separated flower buds visible outside leaves, but remain closed (BBCH 51–55) 2–6 l/ha
◇ 10–30% of pods have reached typical length (BBCH 71–73) 2–6 l/ha
BEAN

Number of foliar treatments: 1-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ formation of leaves and side shoots (BBCH 15–29) 2–6 l/ha
◆ first flower buds visible until first flower buds have enlarged (BBCH 51–55) 2–6 l/ha
◇ beginning of pod development, 10–30% of pods have reached typical length (BBCH 71–73) 2–6 l/ha
VEGETABLES SEEDLINGS

Number of treatments: 1-2.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ leaves fully developed until 2 leaves unfolded (BBCH 10–12)

watering
0.05–0.1% solution

 

spraying
0.25–0.3% solution

◇ 3–5 days before transfer of settlings to a permanent growing site (BBCH 13–14)
NURSERY OF PERENNIAL ORNAMENTAL PLANTS
Number of treatments: 2-4.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ when cuttings/seedling have developed roots or during periods of post-winter recovery of the root system, 1–2 treatments every 7–14 days

watering
0.05–0.1% solution

 

spraying
0.25–0.3% solution

◇ before spring cold spells
◆ during preparation of the plants for winter
NURSERY OF ORCHARD PLANTS
Number of treatments: 2-4.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ when cuttings/seedling have developed roots or during periods of post-winter recovery of the root system, 1–2 treatments every 7–14 days

watering
0.05–0.1% solution

 

spraying
0.25–0.3% solution

◇ before spring cold spells
◆ during preparation of the plants for winter
NURSERY OF ANNUAL ORNAMENTAL PLANTS
Number of treatments: 1-3.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ from the period of cuttings/seedling rooting, 1–3 treatments every 7–14 days

watering
0.05–0.1% solution

 

spraying
0.25–0.3% solution

ORNAMENTAL PLANTS
Number of treatments: 2-7.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ during rooting period and in the initial stages of plant development, 1–3 treatments every 7–14 days

watering
0.05–0.1% solution

 

spraying
0.25–0.3% solution

◇ before flowering and/or in early flowering stage, 1–2 treatments every 7–14 days
◆ for perennial plants perform additional 1–2 treatments every 7–14 days in autumn in order to enhance winter hardiness of plants
LAWNS
Number of treatments: 2-4. Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ after the start of spring vegetation, 1–2 treatments every 7–14 days for the post-winter recovery of the root system and faster plant development 0.25–0.3 l in 100 l of water
◆ 1–2 treatments every 7–14 days in autumn to improve winter hardiness
MINOR CROPS AND HOBBY PLANTS

Number of treatments: 3-6.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 2–4 treatments every 10–14 days during growth and development, starting from the early vegetative stages

watering
0.05–0.1% solution

 

spraying
0.25–0.3% solution

◆ 1–2 treatments every 10–14 days in autumn to improve winter hardiness