ALKALINTMPK 10:20

ALKALIN<sup>TM</sup>PK 10:20
Liquid, high-alkaline (pH ≥ 11.4), foliar phosphorus-potassium fertilizer
Intended use
agricultural crops, cotton, flax, fruit trees, olive trees, fruit bushes, berries, grapevine, citrus, coffee, vegetables, ornamentals, lawns
Technique of application
foliar sprays
Available packaging
  •     1l; 5l; 10l; 20l; 1000l
Directions for use
Foliar sprays

ALKALIN PK 10:20 is a liquid, high-alkaline phosphorus-potassium fertilizer (pH ≥ 11.4) with component ratio P2O5: K2O = 10:20.

 

ALKALIN is a range of specialized foliar fertilizers, which are characterized by high pH. Alkaline pH of fertilizer solutions activates the immune factors of plants and reduces fungal diseases development.

ALKALIN fertilizers differ in nutrient content and, thus, can be used at different stages of plant development. ALKALIN fertilizers provide the plants with necessary nutrients and at the same time, support plant protection. ALKALIN fertilizers are very useful in an integrated plant cultivation.

 

ALKALIN PK 10:20, due to phosphorus and potassium ratio, is recommended for autumn treatments - to improve winter hardiness of plants, as well as spring treatments - intensification of the development of vegetative parts, as well as directly after flowering – to increase crop quality parameters.

 

Nutrients g/l % (m/m)
Total nitrogen (N) 35 2.5
incl. ureic nitrogen (NH2) 35 2.5
Phosphorus pentoxide (P2O5) 150 10,7
Potassium oxide (K2O) 280 20
Copper (Cu) chelated by EDTA  0.24 0.017

 

High-alkaline ALKALIN PK 10:20 is part of a wider strategy to support the natural resistance of plant – STRESS CONTROL SYSTEM (SCS).

FOLIAR SPRAYS

ALKALIN PK 10:20 is intended for foliar application in the form of an aqueous solution. ALKALIN PK 10:20 can be used in combination with other preparations, keep in mind, however, that alkaline pH of fertilizer solutions (pH above 11) hinder the miscibility with many agrochemicals. To confirm miscibility, a confirmatory test is required.
Detailed recommendations for foliar application are presented in the table below. You can also use the search engine and quickly find the dose rate and time of foliar application for your crop. Select your crop

 

Recommendations for foliar application for selected crops.
The recommendations may be modified taking into account the plants' requirements and growing conditions.

WHEAT winter wheat 
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ Autumn: 3–6 leaves unfolded 

2–3 l/ha

◆ Spring: tillering 

2–3 l/ha

◆ stem elongation 

2–3 l/ha

◆ flag leaf stage / beginning of heading

2–3 l/ha
◇/◆ end of flowering – until early milk
The application time should be considered as optimal if the product was not used in flag leaf stage / beginning of heading.
2–3 l/ha

WHEAT spring wheat
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ leaf development – tillering 

2–3 l/ha
◆ stem elongation  2–3 l/ha

◆ flag leaf stage / beginning of heading

2–3 l/ha
◇/◆ end of flowering – until early milk
The application time should be considered as optimal if the product was not used in flag leaf stage / beginning of heading.
2–3 l/ha

TRITICALE – winter triticale
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ Autumn: 3–6 leaves unfolded 

2–3 l/ha

◆ Spring: continuation of tillering 

2–3 l/ha
◆ stem elongation  2–3 l/ha
◆ flag leaf stage / beginning of heading 2–3 l/ha
◇/◆ end of flowering – until early milk
The application time should be considered as optimal if the product was not used in flag leaf stage.
2–3 l/ha
TRITICALE – spring triticale
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◆ leaf development – tillering  2–3 l/ha
◆ stem elongation  2–3 l/ha
◆ flag leaf stage / beginning of heading 2–3 l/ha
◇/◆ end of flowering – until early milk
The application time should be considered as optimal if the product was not used in flag leaf stage.
2–3 l/ha

BARLEY – winter feed barley
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ Autumn: leaf development – until beginning of tillering

2–3 l/ha

◆ Spring: beginning of stem elongation

2–3 l/ha
◆ flag leaf stage – until first awns visible 2–3 l/ha
◇/◆ end of flowering – until medium milk stage of grain ripening

The treatment should be considered as optimal in case of periodic water shortage, as well as to improve quality parameters of grain and increase yield (extension of the grain filling period).

ALKALIN series fertilizers limit the development of fungal diseases.
2–3 l/ha
BARLEY - spring feed barley
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◆ leaf development – until beginning of stem elongation 2–3 l/ha
◆ flag leaf stage – until first awns visible 2–3 l/ha
◇/◆ end of flowering – until medium milk stage of grain ripening

The treatment should be considered as optimal in case of periodic water shortage, as well as to improve quality parameters of grain and increase yield (extension of the grain filling period).

ALKALIN series fertilizers limit the development of fungal diseases.
2–3 l/ha
BARLEY  winter malt barley
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◆ Autumn: leaf development – until beginning of tillering 2–3 l/ha
◆ Spring: beginning of stem elongation 2–3 l/ha
◆ flag leaf stage – until first awns visible 2–3 l/ha
◇ end of flowering – until medium milk stage of grain ripening 2–3 l/ha
BARLEY  spring malt barley
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◆ leaf development – until beginning of stem elongation 2–3 l/ha
◆ flag leaf stage – until first awns visible 2–3 l/ha
◇ end of flowering – until medium milk stage of grain ripening 2–3 l/ha

RYE – winter rye 
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ Autumn: leaf development – until beginning of tillering

2–3 l/ha

◆ Spring: beginning of steam elongation 

2–3 l/ha
◆ flag leaf stage – until beginning of heading  2–3 l/ha
◇ end of flowering – until early milk  2–3 l/ha
RYE – spring rye 
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◆ leaf development – until beginning of steam elongation  2–3 l/ha
◆ flag leaf stage – until beginning of heading  2–3 l/ha
◇ end of flowering – until early milk 2–3 l/ha

OAT
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ leaf development – tillering 2–3 l/ha
◆ stem elongation – until flag leaf stage 2–3 l/ha
◇ end of flowering – until early milk 2–3 l/ha

OILSEED RAPE – winter oilseed rape
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ Autumn: 4–8 leaves unfolded

2–3 l/ha

◆ Spring: beginning of main stem elongation

2–3 l/ha
◆ bud formation 2–3 l/ha
◇ buds raised above leaves – until beginning of flowering 2–3 l/ha
◆ from the beginning of petal fall – until the beginning of pods development 2–3 l/ha
OILSEED RAPE – spring oilseed rape
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◆ leaf development – until beginning of main stem elongation 2–3 l/ha
◆ bud formation 2–3 l/ha
◇ buds raised above leaves – until beginning of flowering 2–3 l/ha
◆ from the beginning of petal fall – until the beginning of pods development 2–3 l/ha
MAIZE
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ 2–6 leaves unfolded (4 leaves is the optimum stage for treatment)

2–3 l/ha
◆ 7–8 leaves unfolded  2–3 l/ha
◆ stem elongation – until beginning of tassel formation 2–3 l/ha
◇ tassel and ear (cob) emergence 2–3 l/ha
SUGAR BEET
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◇ beginning of leaf development 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of crop cover 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of storage root development 2–3 l/ha
◇ 14–21 days after beginning of storage root development 2–3 l/ha

SUNFLOWER
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ 2–3 pairs of leaves (BBCH 14–16) 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of stem elongation (BBCH 30–33) 2–3 l/ha
◇ beginning of inflorescence development (BBCH 51–55) 2–3 l/ha

FLAX
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ leaf development on the main stem (BBCH 12–14) 2–3 l/ha
◆ stem growth (BBCH 30–39) 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit and seed development (BBCH 71–73) 2–3 l/ha

POTATO harvested when fully ripe     
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◇ beginning of growth of shoots and leaves (plant height about 10 cm) 2–3 l/ha
◇ growth of shoots and leaves (plant height ˃15 cm) 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of tuber growth 2–3 l/ha
◆ tuber growth: 2–3 treatments every 14–21 days 2–3 l/ha
◆ the beginning of drying up of shoots 2–3 l/ha

SOYBEAN
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◇ first trifoliate leaf development 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of flower bud development 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of pod and seed development 2–3 l/ha
PEA – COMMON PEA (GARDEN PEA)
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◇ first true leaf development 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of flower bud development 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of pod and seed development 2–3 l/ha
BEAN – COMMON BEAN, RUNNER BEAN
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◇ first true leaf development 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of flower bud development 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of pod and seed development 2–3 l/ha
BEAN – BROAD BEAN (FAVA BEAN)
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◇ first true leaf development 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of flower bud development 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of pod and seed development 2–3 l/ha
BEAN – FIELD BEAN (HORSE BEAN)
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◇ first true leaf development 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of flower bud development 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of pod and seed development 2–3 l/ha
LENTIL
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◇ first true leaf development 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of flower bud development 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of pod and seed development 2–3 l/ha
CHICKPEA (GARBANZO)
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◇ first true leaf development 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of flower bud development 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of pod and seed development 2–3 l/ha
PEANUT (GROUNDNUT)
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◇ first true leaf development 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of flower bud development 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of pod and seed development 2–3 l/ha
LUPINE
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◇ rosette development 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of flower bud development 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of pod and seed development 2–3 l/ha

SORGHUM
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ leaf development until tillering (BBCH 14–25) 2–3 l/ha
◆ stem elongation until beginning of tassel formation (BBCH 31–51) 2–3 l/ha
◇ end of flowering, development of grains until early milk maturity of grains (BCH 69–73) 2–3 l/ha

SUGAR CANE
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ development of leaves (BBCH 13–19) 2–3 l/ha
◆ stem elongation (BBCH 31–35) 2–3 l/ha
◆ stem elongation until beginning of tassel development (BBCH 35–51) 2–3 l/ha

RICE
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ leaf development – tillering 2–3 l/ha
◇ beginning of stem formation 2–3 l/ha
◆ end of panicle emergence 2–3 l/ha

COTTON
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ beginning of leaf development 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of side shoots formation 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of flower bud development 2–3 l/ha
◇ beginning of bolls development 2–3 l/ha
APPLE orchards without fertigation – young, non-fruiting orchard
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◆ Spring: leaf development 3–6 l/ha
◆ Spring/summer: growth of main stem and side shoots 3–6 l/ha
◇ Late summer: end of elongation growth of the main stem 3–6 l/ha

APPLE orchards without fertigation – fruiting orchard
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◇ green bud stage  3–6 l/ha
◇ pink bud stage  3–6 l/ha
◇ end of flowering: majority of petals fallen 3–6 l/ha

◇/◆ fruit reaches 30–50% of typical size
The treatment should be considered as optimal in case of varieties not intended for long-term storage

3–6 l/ha
◇ fruit reaches 60–80% of typical size
3–6 l/ha

◇/◆ after harvest
The treatments should be considered as optimal in case of poor condition of trees after fruit harvest.

3–6 l/ha
APPLE fertigated orchards – fruiting orchard
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◇ green bud stage  3–6 l/ha
◇ pink bud stage  3–6 l/ha
◇ end of flowering: majority of petals fallen 3–6 l/ha
◇ beginning of fruit development 3–6 l/ha
◇ fruit reaches 30–50% of typical size 3–6 l/ha
◇ fruit reaches 60–80% of typical size 3–6 l/ha

◇/◆ after harvest
The treatments should be considered as optimal in case of poor condition of trees after fruit harvest.

3–6 l/ha
APPLE – nursery plantations – budded nursery tree plantation
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◆ 1st year – summer (about 3–4 weeks after budding): end of shoot and leaf growth 3–6 l/ha
◆ 2nd year – spring/summer: growth of main stem and side shoots 3–6 l/ha
◇ 2nd year – late summer: end of elongation growth of the main stem 3–6 l/ha
APPLE – nursery plantations – grafted nursery tree plantation 
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◆ 1st year – summer: growth of main stem and leaf development 3–6 l/ha
◆ 2nd year – spring/summer: growth of main stem and side shoot 3–6 l/ha
◇ 2nd year – late summer: end of elongation growth of the main stem 3–6 l/ha

PEAR – orchards without fertigation fruiting orchard
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◇ green bud stage 3–6 l/ha
◇ white bud stage  3–6 l/ha
◇ end of flowering: majority of petals fallen 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit reaches 30–50% of typical size 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit reaches 60–80% of typical size 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of maturation 3–6 l/ha
◇/◆ after harvest
The treatment should be considered as optimal in case of poor condition of trees after fruit harvest.
3–6 l/ha

CHERRY (SOUR CHERRY TREE) – orchards without fertigation – fruiting orchard
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ inflorescence emergence 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruitlet development 3–6 l/ha
◆ the fruit reaches about half of final size 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of maturation 3–6 l/ha
◆ after harvest: 1–2 treatments every 10–14 days 3–6 l/ha

CHERRY (SWEET CHERRY TREE) – orchards without fertigation– fruiting orchard
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ inflorescence emergence 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruitlet development 3–6 l/ha
◆ the fruit reaches about half of final size 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of maturation 3–6 l/ha
◆ after harvest: 1–2 treatments every 10–14 days 3–6 l/ha

CHERRY (SWEET CHERRY TREE) – fertigated orchards – fruiting orchard
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◇ inflorescence emergence 3–6 l/ha
◇ fruitlet development 3–6 l/ha
◇ the fruit reaches about half of final size 3–6 l/ha
◇ beginning of maturation 3–6 l/ha
◇ after harvest: 1–2 treatments every 10–14 days 3–6 l/ha

PLUM TREE – orchards without fertigation– fruiting orchard
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ inflorescence emergence 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruitlet development 3–6 l/ha
◆ the fruit reaches about half of final size 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of maturation 3–6 l/ha
◆ after harvest 3–6 l/ha

PEACH – orchards without fertigation – fruiting orchard
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ inflorescence emergence 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruitlet development 3–6 l/ha
◆ the fruit reaches about half of final size 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of maturation 3–6 l/ha
◆ after harvest 3–6 l/ha
NECTARINE TREES – orchards without fertigation – fruiting orchard
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◆ inflorescence emergence 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruitlet development 3–6 l/ha
◆ the fruit reaches about half of final size 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of maturation 3–6 l/ha
◆ after harvest 3–6 l/ha

APRICOT TREE
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ pink bud stage (BBCH 57–59) 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit development (BBCH 73–75) 3–6 l/ha
◇ fruit reaches 50–60% of typical size (BBCH 75–76) 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit reaches 70–80% of typical size (BBCH 77–78) 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit ripening (BBCH 81) 3–6 l/ha
◆ after fruit harvesting 3–6 l/ha

CITRUS
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◇ first new leaves visible 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of flower bud development 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit development 3–6 l/ha
◇ intensive fruit growth 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit colouring 3–6 l/ha
OLIVE GROVES – fruiting tree  
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◆ new shoot development 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit set 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit development 3–6 l/ha
◇ beginning of core hardening 3–6 l/ha
◇ fruit flesh development (beginning of oil production) 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of maturation 3–6 l/ha

COFFEE – fruting plantation
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ leaf and shoot development 3–6 l/ha
◆ inflorescence development 3–6 l/ha
◆ pinhead 3–6 l/ha
◆ intensive growth of fruit 3–6 l/ha
GOOSEBERRY
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◆ beginning of vegetation, during leaf and fruit development, 1–2 treatments every 14–21 days 3–6 l/ha
◇ after fruit harvesting 3–6 l/ha
RASPBERRY – varieties fruiting in summer on two-year shoots – plantations without fertigation
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◆ leaf and shoot development: 1–2 treatments every 7–21 days 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of inflorescence emergence 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit development 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit development and ripening: 1–2 treatments every 14–21 days after next fruit harvests 3–6 l/ha
◇ immediately after harvest 3–6 l/ha

RASPBERRY – varieties fruiting in autumn on one-year shoots – plantations without fertigation
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ shoots reach about 1/3 of the final length 3–6 l/ha
◇ shoots reach about 1/2 of the final length 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of the first inflorescence development 3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of the first fruit development 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit development and ripening: 1–2 treatments every 14–21 days after next fruit harvests 3–6 l/ha

CURRANT
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

 leaf and shoot development (BBCH 15–39) 3–6 l/ha
◇ buds closed until leaf tips above bud scales (BBCH 51–54) 3–6 l/ha
◆ 90% of fruits formed (BBCH 79) 3–6 l/ha
◆ after fruit harvesting 3–6 l/ha

BLUEBERRY – plantations without fertigationfruiting plantation
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◇ bud development 3–6 l/ha
◇ beginning of leaf development and inflorescence emergence 3–6 l/ha
◆ inflorescence emergence until beginning of flowering 3–6 l/ha
◆ end of flowering / beginning of fruit development 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit development and maturation: 2 treatments every 10–14 days 3–6 l/ha
◆ post-harvest 3–6 l/ha

BLUEBERRY – plantations without fertigation – fruiting plantations
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◇ bud development 3–6 l/ha
◇ beginning of leaf development and inflorescence emergence 3–6 l/ha
◇ inflorescence emergence until beginning of flowering 3–6 l/ha
◇ end of flowering / beginning of fruit development 3–6 l/ha
◇ fruit development and maturation: 2 treatments every 10–14 days 3–6 l/ha
◇ post-harvest 3–6 l/ha

GRAPEVINE
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ beginning of leaf and new shoot development 3–6 l/ha
◆ inflorescence emergence 3–6 l/ha
◇ end of flowering 3–6 l/ha
◆ fruit development – until berries pea-sized 3–6 l/ha

◇/◆ beginning of ripening
The treatment should be considered as optimal for wine grapes and red colored table grapes.  

3–6 l/ha
STRAWBERRY – plantations without fertigation – Summer-bearing varieties, not yet fruiting plantations – planted in autumn
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◆ Summer: further vegetative development and bud initiation for next season 3–6 l/ha

STRAWBERRY plantations without fertigation – Summer-bearing varieties, fully fruiting plantations
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◇ Spring: after start of growing season – leaf development 3–6 l/ha
◆ balloon stage (forming of „hollow ball”)  3–6 l/ha
◇ beginning of flowering  3–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of the first fruit development  3–6 l/ha
◆ immediately after first harvest 3–6 l/ha
◇ during fruit harvest, 1–2 treatments every 3–5 days 3–6 l/ha
◇ after fruit harvest 3–6 l/ha
STRAWBERRY – fertigated plantations – Summer-bearing varieties, planted in summer with green potted plantlets – Cultivation in soil
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◇ Spring: after start of growing season 3–6 l/ha

◇ beginning of inflorescence emergence

3–6 l/ha
◇ beginning of flowering 3–6 l/ha
◇ beginning of the first fruit development 3–6 l/ha
◇ fruit development and maturation 3–6 l/ha
◇ post-harvest 3–6 l/ha
STRAWBERRY – fertigated plantations – Summer-bearing varieties, planted in spring with frigo plantlets – Cultivation in soil
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◇ leaf development and inflorescence emergence 3–6 l/ha

◇ beginning of flowering

3–6 l/ha
◇ beginning of the first fruit development 3–6 l/ha

◇ fruit development and maturation

3–6 l/ha
◇ post-harvest 3–6 l/ha
STRAWBERRY – fertigated plantations – Everbearing varieties, planted in spring with frigo plantlets. Cultivation in soil or in soilless substrates.
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◇ leaf development 3–6 l/ha
◇ further leaf development and beginning of the first inflorescence development 3–6 l/ha
◇ beginning of flowering 3–6 l/ha

◇ beginning of the first fruit development

3–6 l/ha
◇ development and ripening of the first fruit 3–6 l/ha
◇ fruiting period: 3–5 treatments every 5–10 days 3–6 l/ha
STRAWBERRY – production of freshly dug green plantlets (field grown nursery plantations, planted in autumn)    
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◆ Beginning of summer: elongation growth of runners and rosette plantlets set on the runners 3–6 l/ha
◆ Summer: development, growth and rooting of plantlets 3–6 l/ha

STRAWBERRY – production of green potted plantlets (field grown nursery plantations planted in autumn)
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ FIELD GROWN NURSERY PLANTATIONS – beginning of summer: elongation growth of runners and rosette plantlets set on the runners 3–6 l/ha

STRAWBERRY production of frigo plantlets (field grown nursery plantations planted in autumn)
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ Beginning of summer: elongation growth of runners and rosette plantlets set on the runners 3–6 l/ha
◆ Summer: development, growth and rooting of plantlets 3–6 l/ha

TOMATO
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ 5–7 true leaves unfolded on the main shoot (BBCH 15–17) 2–3 l/ha
◇ 1–3 inflorescences visible (BBCH 51–53) 2–3 l/ha
◆ first flowers open on 1–3 inflorescences (BBCH 61–63) 2–3 l/ha
◆ first fruit has reached typical size on 1–2 clusters (BBCH 71–72) 2–3 l/ha
◆ first fruit has reached typical size on 3–4 clusters (BBCH 73–74) 2–3 l/ha
◆ first fruit has reached typical size on 5–6 clusters (BBCH 75–76) 2–3 l/ha

PEPPER
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ 3–5 leaves unfolded on the main shoot (BBCH 13–15) 2–3 l/ha
◇ 1–3 inflorescences visible (BBCH 51–53) 2–3 l/ha
◆ 9 or more flower buds visible until beginning of flowering (BBCH 59–61) 2–3 l/ha
◆ 1–3 fruit have reached typical size and form (BBCH 71–73) 2–3 l/ha
◆ 4–6 fruit have reached typical size and form (BBCH 74–76) 2–3 l/ha

CUCUMBER
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ 3–5 true leaves unfolded on the main stem (BBCH 13–15) 2–3 l/ha
◆ 6–9 leaves unfolded on the main shoot (BBCH 16–19) 2–3 l/ha
◇ 1–2 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 51–52) 2–3 l/ha
◆ 6–7 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 56–57) 2–3 l/ha
◆ after first harvesting (BBCH 71) 2–3 l/ha

PUMPKIN
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ 6–8 true leaves on the main stem unfolded (BBCH 16–18) 2–3 l/ha
◇ formation of primary side shoots (BBCH 21–29) 2–3 l/ha
◆ 1–2 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 51–52) 2–3 l/ha
◆ fruit development (BBCH 71–77), 2 treatments every 14–21 days 2–3 l/ha

MELON
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ 3–5 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 13–15) 2–3 l/ha
◇ formation of primary side shoots (BBCH 21–29) 2–3 l/ha
◆ 1–2 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 51–52) 2–3 l/ha
◆ fruit development (BBCH 71–77), 2 treatments every 14–21 days 2–3 l/ha

WATERMELON
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ 3–5 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 13–15) 2–3 l/ha
◇ formation of primary side shoots (BBCH 21–29) 2–3 l/ha
◆ 1–2 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 51–52) 2–3 l/ha
◆ fruit development (BBCH 71–77), 2 treatments every 14–21 days 2–3 l/ha

ONION
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◇ 3rd–5th leaf clearly visible 2–3 l/ha
◇ growth of leaves (3–4 weeks after emergence / after planting seedlings to the soil) 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of onion bulb formation 2–3 l/ha
◆ growth of onion bulb: 2–3 treatments every 5–21 days 2–3 l/ha
GARLIK
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◇ 3rd–5th leaf clearly visible 2–3 l/ha
◇ growth of leaves (3–4 weeks after emergence) 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of onion bulb formation 2–3 l/ha
◆ growth of onion bulb: 2–3 treatments every 5–21 days 2–3 l/ha
LEEK
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◇ 3rd–5th leaf clearly visible 2–3 l/ha
◇ growth of leaves (3–4 weeks after emergence / after planting seedlings to the soil) 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of harvestable plant part formation 2–3 l/ha
◆ growth of harvestable plant part: 2–3 treatments every 5–21 days 2–3 l/ha

BROCCOLI
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◇ after seedling adaptation to field conditions – leaf development 2–3 l/ha
◆ growth of leaves 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of the flower head development 2–3 l/ha
◆ flower head reaches approx. 50% of the typical size 2–3 l/ha

CAULIFLOWER
 Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◇ after seedling adaptation to field conditions – leaf development 2–3 l/ha
◆ growth of leaves 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of the flower head development 2–3 l/ha
◆ flower head reaches approx. 50% of the typical size 2–3 l/ha

CABBAGE – GREEN/WHITE HEAD CABBAGE
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◇ after seedling adaptation to field conditions – leaf development 2–3 l/ha
◇ growth of leaves 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of the head formation 2–3 l/ha
◆ head reaches approx. 50% of the typical size 2–3 l/ha
◆ head reaches ca. 70–80% of the typical size: 2 treatments every 7–14 days 2–3 l/ha
CABBAGE – RED HEAD CABBAGE
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◇ after seedling adaptation to field conditions – leaf development 2–3 l/ha
◇ growth of leaves 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of the head formation 2–3 l/ha
◆ head reaches approx. 50% of the typical size 2–3 l/ha
◆ head reaches ca. 70–80% of the typical size: 2 treatments every 7–14 days 2–3 l/ha
CABBAGE – SAVOY CABBAGE
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◇ after seedling adaptation to field conditions – leaf development 2–3 l/ha
◇ growth of leaves 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of the head formation 2–3 l/ha
◆ head reaches approx. 50% of the typical size 2–3 l/ha
◆ head reaches ca. 70–80% of the typical size: 2 treatments every 7–14 days 2–3 l/ha
CABBAGE – CHINESE CABBAGE
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◇ after seedling adaptation to field conditions – leaf development 2–3 l/ha
◆ growth of leaves 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of the head formation 2–3 l/ha
◇ head reaches approx. 50% of the typical size 2–3 l/ha
◆ head reaches ca. 70–80% of the typical size: 2 treatments every 7–14 days 2–3 l/ha

BRUSSELS SPROUTS
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◇ after seedling adaptation to field conditions – leaf development 2–3 l/ha
◆ growth of the main stem and leaves 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of axillary bud (‘sprouts’) formation 2–3 l/ha
◇ approx. 50% of ‘sprouts’ are formed 2–3 l/ha
◆ 70-80% of ‘sprouts’ are formed 2–3 l/ha

KOHLRABI
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ growth of leaves 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of the root thickening formation 2–3 l/ha
◆ root thickening reaches approx. 50% of the typical size 2–3 l/ha

RADISH
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ growth of leaves 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of the root thickening formation 2–3 l/ha

KALE
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◇ growth of the main stem and leaves 2–3 l/ha
◆ intensive growth of leaf mass 2–3 l/ha
◇ approx. 50% of the leaf mass formed 2–3 l/ha
◆ approx. 70–80% of the leaf mass formed 2–3 l/ha

CARROT
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):

◆ 3–4 true leaves (BBCH 13–14) 2–3 l/ha
◇ 5 true leaves / root begins to expand (BBCH 15/41) 2–3 l/ha
◆ root reaches 20–30% of typical diameter (BBCH 42–43) 2–3 l/ha
◆ root reaches 40–50% of typical diameter (BBCH 44–45) 2–3 l/ha
◇ root reaches 50–80% of typical diameter (BBCH 45–48) 2–3 l/ha
PARSLEY
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◆ 3–4 true leaves (BBCH 13–14) 2–3 l/ha
◇ 5 true leaves / root begins to expand (BBCH 15/41) 2–3 l/ha
◆ root reaches 20–30% of typical diameter (BBCH 42–43) 2–3 l/ha
◆ root reaches 40–50% of typical diameter (BBCH 44–45) 2–3 l/ha
◇ root reaches 50–80% of typical diameter (BBCH 45–48) 2–3 l/ha
PARSNIP
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◆ 3–4 true leaves (BBCH 13–14) 2–3 l/ha
◇ 5 true leaves / root begins to expand (BBCH 15/41) 2–3 l/ha
◆ root reaches 20–30% of typical diameter (BBCH 42–43) 2–3 l/ha
◆ root reaches 40–50% of typical diameter (BBCH 44–45) 2–3 l/ha
◇ root reaches 50–80% of typical diameter (BBCH 45–48) 2–3 l/ha
CELERY
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◆ 5–6 true leaves (BBCH 15–16), approx.. 7 days after planting seedlings 2–3 l/ha
◇ 9 true leaves / root begins to expand (BBCH 19/41) 2–3 l/ha
◆ root reaches 20–30% of typical diameter (BBCH 42–43) 2–3 l/ha
◆ root reaches 40–50% of typical diameter (BBCH 44–45) 2–3 l/ha
◇ root reaches 50–80% of typical diameter (BBCH 45–48) 2–3 l/ha
BEETROOT 
Application times (◆ optimal, ◇ optional):
◇ 2–4 true leaves / 1–2 pairs of leaves (BBCH 12–14) 2–3 l/ha
◆ 5 true leaves / beginning of crop cover (BBCH 15/31) 2–3 l/ha
◆ storage root begins to develop, diameter above 2 cm (BBCH 41–43) 2–3 l/ha
◇ root reaches 40–70% of typical diameter (BBCH 44–47) 2–3 l/ha