OPTYSIL

OPTYSIL
Silicon immunity stimulant – a liquid version
Intended use
agricultural crops, cotton, flax, fruit trees, olive trees, fruit bushes, berries, grapevine, citrus, coffee, vegetables, ornamentals, lawns, plant nurseries
Technique of application
foliar sprays, fertigation, watering
Available packaging
  •     0.5l; 1l; 5l; 10l; 20l; 1000l
Directions for use
Foliar sprays

OPTYSIL is a liquid immune stimulant, which activates natural immune systems of plants and stimulates their growth and development. It contains silicon which is easily absorbed by plants, strengthening cell walls and stimulating numerous vital processes in the plant. 
 

OPTYSIL is recommended for foliar application in the cultivation of all types of agricultural and horticultural crops. It may be also used during irrigation (fertigation, watering).

 

The neutral pH of the preparation ensures its compatibility with commonly used foliar fertilizers and plant protection products.

It is important to use OPTYSIL prophylactically – before stressful conditions appear.


The most important benefits of using OPTYSIL stimulant include:

  • Increased plant tolerance to adverse growing conditions (e.g. drought and other abiotic stresses)
  • Limited influence of biotic stress caused by pathogens and/or pest attack
  • Stimulated root growth in young plants
  • Improved crop yield, quality and storage parameters.

 

OPTYSIL as an immunity stimulant is one of the main elements of the strategy to support the natural resistance of plants STRESS CONTROL SYSTEM (SCS).

 

OPTYSIL may be used in different fertilisation techniques, including foliar sprays, fertigation, watering.

 

  1. FOLIAR SPRAYS
    OPTYSIL is intended for foliar application in the form of an aqueous solution. OPTYSIL can be used together with other agrochemicals after conducting a miscibility test. Test results are presented in the table INTERMAG agrochemicals mixing table.
    Detailed recommendations for foliar application are presented in the table below. You can also use the search engine and quickly find the dose rate and time of foliar application for your crop. Select your crop

 

  1. FERTIGATION
    Recommended solution: 50–270 ml of OPTYSIL in 1,000 l of ready-to-use nutrient solution.
    Use in a separate fertigation cycle or together with fertilizers after checking if suitable for mixing.For soil-grown plants, use every 3–5 cycles of fertigation.
    For soilless cultures, use for potting mats and several times during the plant growing season.
    In strawberry cultivation, use up to 120 ml in 1,000 l of nutrient solution.

 

  1. WATERING
    Recommended solution: 0.1%, i.e. 100 ml OPTYSIL in 100 l of water. Water the plants 3–6 times during the growing season.

 

 

Ad. 1. Recommendations for foliar application for selected crops.
The recommendations may be modified taking into account the plants' requirements and growing conditions.

WHEAT

Number of foliar treatments: 2–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

Autumn
◇ 3–6 leaves (BBCH 13–16)

0.5 l/ha

Spring
winter crops: tillering (BBCH 22–29)
    spring crops: 3 leaves until tillering (BBCH 13–29)

0.5 l/ha
◆ beginning of stem elongation until beginning of heading (BBCH 30–51) 0.5 l/ha

◇ 20% of spike visible until early milk maturity of grains (BBCH 52–73)

0.5 l/ha
TRITICALE

Number of foliar treatments: 2–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

Autumn
◇ 3–6 leaves (BBCH 13–16)

0.5 l/ha

Spring
◆ winter crops: tillering (BBCH 22–29)
    spring crops: 3 leaves until tillering (BBCH 13–29)

0.5 l/ha
◆ beginning of stem elongation until beginning of heading (BBCH 30–51) 0.5 l/ha

◇ 20% of spike visible until early milk maturity of grains (BBCH 52–73)

0.5 l/ha
BARLEY

Number of foliar treatments: 1–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

Autumn

◇ 3–6 leaves until 2 tillers detectable (BBCH 13–22)

0.5 l/ha

Spring

winter crops: beginning of stem elongation until node 2 is at least 2 cm above node 1 (BBCH 30–32)
◇ spring crops: 3 leaves until node 2 is at least 2 cm above node 1 (BBCH 13–32)

0.5 l/ha
◇ flag leaf stage until final phase of leaf sheath of the flag leaf swelling (BBCH 39–45) 0.5 l/ha
◇ end of flowering until full milk maturity of grains (BBCH 69–75) 0.5 l/ha
RYE

Number of foliar treatments: 1–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

Autumn

◇ 3 leaves until two tillers detectable (BBCH 13–22)

0.5 l/ha

Spring

winter crops: beginning of stem elongation until node 2 is at least 2 cm above node 1 (BBCH 30–32)
    spring crops: 3 leaves until node 2 is at least 2 cm above node 1 (BBCH 13–32)

0.5 l/ha
◇ flag leaf stage until beginning of heading (BBCH 39–51) 0.5 l/ha
◇ end of flowering until early milk maturity of grains (BBCH 69–73) 0.5 l/ha
OAT

Number of foliar treatments: 1–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ 3 leaves until two tillers detectable (BBCH 13–22) 0.5 l/ha
◆ beginning of stem elongation until flag leaf stage (BBCH 30–39) 0.5 l/ha
◇ end of flowering until early milk maturity of grains (BBCH 69–73) 0.5 l/ha
RAPESEED

Number of foliar treatments: 2–5. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

Autumn
◆ 4–8 leaves (BBCH 14–18)

0.5 l/ha

Spring
◇ after vegetation restoration: beginning of side shoot development until 6 visible internodes on the stem (BBCH 21–36)

0.5 l/ha
◆ flower buds enclosed by leaves until flower buds are on the level with the youngest leaves (BBCH 50–52) 0.5 l/ha
◇ flower buds raised above the youngest leaves until individual flower buds visible (main inflorescence), but remain closed (BBCH 53–55) 0.5 l/ha
◇ full flowering, 50% open flowers, older flowers fall until initial development of silique (BBCH 65–73) 0.5 l/ha
SUNFLOWER

Number of foliar treatments: 2–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 2–3 pairs of leaves (BBCH 14–16) 0.5 l/ha
◆ stem elongation until inflorescence emergence (BBCH 30–53) 0.5 l/ha
◇ in the case of the expected limited availability of water, apply 1–2 additional sprays at intervals of 5–7 days. 0.5 l/ha
FLAX

Number of foliar treatments: 1–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ 2 leaf pairs unfolded until flax reaches height of 18 cm (BBCH 12–19) 0.5 l/ha
◆ stem growth (BBCH 30–39) 0.5 l/ha
◇ in the case of the expected limited availability of water, apply 1–2 additional sprays at intervals of 5–7 days. 0.5 l/ha
MAIZE

Number of foliar treatments: 1–5. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ 2–6 leaves (BBCH 12–16) optimum time for treatment is four leaves 0.5 l/ha
◆ leaf development until beginning of stem elongation (BBCH 17–31) 0.5 l/ha
◆ stem elongation until beginning of tassel formation (BBCH 32–51), while the height of the plants allows spray treatment 0.5 l/ha
◇ tip of tassel visible until flowering, beginning of pollination, visible stigmas (BBCH 53–63) for insecticide and/or fungicide protection during tassel development and flowering 0.5 l/ha
BEET

Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 4–6 leaves unfolded (BBCH 14–16) 0.5 l/ha
◇ 8 leaves unfolded – beginning of crop cover (BBCH 18–31) 0.5 l/ha
◆ leaves cover 20–50% of the ground (BBCH 32–35) 0.5 l/ha
POTATO

Number of foliar treatments: 2-4. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ 3–6 leaves unfolded on the main shoot (BBCH 13–16) 0.5 l/ha
◇ formation of side shoots until crop cover (BBCH 21–39) 0.5 l/ha
◆ tuber initiation until tubers reach 10% of typical weight (BBCH 40–41) 0.5 l/ha
◆ tubers reach 80–90% of typical weight (BBCH 48–49) 0.5 l/ha
SOYBEAN

Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ trifoliolate leaf on the 5th node unfolded – beginning of side shoots development (BBCH 15–23) 0.5 l/ha
◆ inflorescence emergence (BBCH 51–59) 0.5 l/ha
◇ beginning of pods and seeds development (BBCH 70–72) 0.5 l/ha
SORGHUM

Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ development of leaves until tillering (BBCH 13–29) 0.5 l/ha
◆ beginning of stem elongation until beginning of tassel formation (BBCH 31–51) 0.5 l/ha
◇ development of grains until early milk maturity of grains (BCH 71–73) 0.5 l/ha
SUGAR CANE

Number of foliar treatments: 3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ development of leaves (BBCH 13–19) 0.5 l/ha
◆ stem elongation (BBCH 31–33) 0.5 l/ha
◆ stem elongation until beginning of tassel development (BBCH 35–51) 0.5 l/ha
RICE

Number of foliar treatments: 3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ leaf development (6 leaves unfolded) – beginning of tillering (BBCH 16–21) 0.5 l/ha
◆ beginning of stem elongation/panicle formation (BBCH 30–32) 0.5 l/ha
◇ end of booting – flag leaf sheath opening/open (BBCH 47–49) 0.5 l/ha
◇ beginning of panicle emergence (BBCH 51–53) 0.5 l/ha
COTTON

Number of foliar treatments: 3-4. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ leaf development (4th leaf unfolded) – beginning of side shoots formation (BBCH 14–23) 0.5 l/ha
◆ crop cover: 30–50% plants meet between rows (BBCH 33–35) 0.5 l/ha
◆ beginning of inflorescence emergence (BBCH 51–52) 0.5 l/ha

◇ 10–20% of bolls have attained their final size (BBCH 71–72)

0.5 l/ha
APPLE TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 2–6. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ green bud stage (BBCH 55–56)  0.5 l/ha
◆ pink bud stage (BBCH 57–59) 0.5 l/ha
◇ flowers fading, majority of petals fallen until end of flowering, all petals have fallen (BBCH 67–69) 0.5 l/ha
◆ fruit reaches a size of up to 10 mm (BBCH 71) 0.5 l/ha
◇ beginning of fruit falling (BBCH 73) 0.5 l/ha
◇ fruit diameter reaches up to 50 mm (BBCH 75) 0.5 l/ha
PEAR TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 2–6. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ green bud stage (BBCH 55–56)  0.5 l/ha
◆ white bud stage (BBCH 57–59) 0.5 l/ha
◇ flowers fading, majority of petals fallen until end of flowering, all petals have fallen (BBCH 67–69) 0.5 l/ha
◆ fruit reaches a size of up to 10 mm (BBCH 71) 0.5 l/ha
◇ beginning of fruit falling (BBCH 73) 0.5 l/ha
◇ fruit diameter reaches up to 50 mm (BBCH 75) 0.5 l/ha
CHERRY TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 4-5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ green bud stage (BBCH 55) 0.5 l/ha
◆ white bud stage (BBCH 57–59) 0.5 l/ha
◆ flowers fading, majority of petals fallen until end of flowering (BBCH 67–69) 0.5 l/ha
◆ fruit reaches 60–70% of typical size (BBCH 76–77) 0.5 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit ripening (BBCH 81) 0.5 l/ha
SWEET CHERRY TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 4-5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ green bud stage (BBCH 55) 0.5 l/ha
◆ white bud stage (BBCH 57–59) 0.5 l/ha
◆ flowers fading, majority of petals fallen until end of flowering (BBCH 67–69) 0.5 l/ha
◆ fruit reaches 60–70% of typical size (BBCH 76–77) 0.5 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit ripening (BBCH 81) 0.5 l/ha
PLUM TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 4–5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ green bud stage (BBCH 55) 0.5 l/ha
◆ white bud stage (BBCH 57–59) 0.5 l/ha
◆ flowers fading, majority of petals fallen until end of flowering (BBCH 67–69) 0.5 l/ha
◆ fruit reaches 50–60% of typical size (BBCH 75–76) 0.5 l/ha
◆ fruit colouring advanced (BBCH 85) 0.5 l/ha
PEACH TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 4–5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ green bud stage (BBCH 55) 0.5 l/ha
◆ pink bud stage (BBCH 57–59) 0.5 l/ha
◆ flowers fading, majority of petals fallen until end of flowering (BBCH 67–69) 0.5 l/ha
◆ fruit reaches 50–60% of typical size (BBCH 75–76) 0.5 l/ha
◆ fruit colouring advanced (BBCH 85) 0.5 l/ha
APRICOT TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 4–5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ green bud stage (BBCH 55) 0.5 l/ha
◆ pink bud stage (BBCH 57–59) 0.5 l/ha
◆ flowers fading, majority of petals fallen until end of flowering (BBCH 67–69) 0.5 l/ha
◆ fruit reaches 50–60% of typical size (BBCH 75–76) 0.5 l/ha
◆ fruit colouring advanced (BBCH 85) 0.5 l/ha
CITRUS

Number of foliar treatments: 3. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ bud development (BBCH 51–53) 0.5 l/ha
◆ petals falling until end of flowering (BBCH 67–69) 0.5 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71–75) 0.5 l/ha
OLIVE TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 3-4. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ shoot development (BBCH 31–33) 0.5 l/ha
◆ bud development (BBCH 51–53) 0.5 l/ha
◇ petals falling until end of flowering (BBCH 67–69) 0.5 l/ha
◆ fruit development (BBCH 71–75) 0.5 l/ha
COFFEE

Number of foliar treatments: 3. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ formation of branches (BBCH 21–25) 0.5 l/ha
◆ branch elongation (BBCH 31–39) 0.5 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71–73) 0.5 l/ha
MANGO

Number of foliar treatments: 3. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ bud development (BBCH 51–53) 0.5 l/ha
◆ petals falling until end of flowering (BBCH 67–69) 0.5 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71–73) 0.5 l/ha
AVOCADO

Number of foliar treatments: 3. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ bud development (BBCH 51–53) 0.5 l/ha
◆ petals falling until end of flowering (BBCH 67–69) 0.5 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71–73) 0.5 l/ha
PAPAYA

Number of foliar treatments: 3. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ bud development (BBCH 51–53) 0.5 l/ha
◆ petals falling until end of flowering (BBCH 67–69) 0.5 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71–73) 0.5 l/ha
GOOSEBERRY

Number of foliar treatments: 1–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ beginning of vegetation, during leaf development, 1–3 treatments every 14–21 days 0.5 l/ha
◇ after fruit harvesting 0.5 l/ha
RASPBERRY fruiting on the annual shoots

Number of foliar treatments: 2-5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ shoots reach 10–30% of final length (BBCH 31–33) 0.5 l/ha
◇ shoots reach 40–60% of final length (BBCH 34–36) 0.5 l/ha
◆ inflorescence development (BBCH 51–54) 0.5 l/ha
◇ fruit development (BBCH 71–76) 0.5 l/ha
◆ fruit development and ripening (50% of fruit harvested) (BBCH 77–89) 0.5 l/ha
RASPBERRY fruiting on the biannual shoots

Number of foliar treatments: 2–5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ leaf and shoot development (BBCH 13–39) 0.5 l/ha
◆ inflorescence development (BBCH 51–54) 0.5 l/ha
◇ fruit development (BBCH 71–76)  0.5 l/ha
◆ fruit development until beginning of ripening (BBCH 77–81) 0.5 l/ha
◇ immediately after fruit harvesting 0.5 l/ha
CURRANT

Number of foliar treatments: 2–5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ leaf and shoot development (BBCH 15–39) 0.5 l/ha
◆ buds closed until leaf tips above bud scales (BBCH 51–54) 0.5 l/ha
◆ 90% of fruits formed (BBCH 79) 0.5 l/ha
◇ immediately after fruit harvesting, 1–2 treatments every 10–21 days, before bud formation for the following vegetative season 0.5 l/ha
◇ immediately after fruit harvesting, 1–2 treatments every 10–21 days, before bud formation for the following vegetative season 0.5 l/ha
BLUEBERRY

Number of foliar treatments: 3–5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ bud development 0.5 l/ha
◆ beginning of flowering 0.5 l/ha
◆ end of flowering until fruit set 0.5 l/ha
◇ after fruit harvesting 0.5 l/ha
GRAPEVINE

Number of foliar treatments: 4-6. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ leaf development: 3rd–4th leaf unfolded (BBCH 13–14) 0.5 l/ha
◆ leaf development: 6th–8th leaf unfolded (BBCH 16–18) 0.5 l/ha
◇  inflorescence emergence: up to inflorescences swelling (BBCH 53–55) 0.5 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71–73) 0.5 l/ha
◆ fruit development: berries pea-sized (BBCH 75) 0.5 l/ha
◇ beginning of ripening: berries begin to develop variety-specific colour (BBCH 81) 0.5 l/ha
STRAWBERRY

Number of foliar treatments: 3–5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ 3–7 leaves unfolded (BBCH 13–17) 0.5 l/ha
◆ white bud (BBCH 58–59) 0.5 l/ha
◇ beginning of flowering (BBCH 61) 0.5 l/ha
◆ flowers fading, majority of petals fallen until beginning of fruit development (clearly visible seeds on the receptacle tissue) (BBCH 67–73) 0.5 l/ha
◆ first fruits coloured (BBCH 85) 0.5 l/ha
TOMATO

Number of foliar treatments: 2–5. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 8–9 or more leaves unfolded on the main shoot (BBCH 18–19) 0.5 l/ha
◇ 1–3 inflorescences visible (BBCH 51–53) 0.5 l/ha
◇ first flowers open on 1–3 inflorescences (BBCH 61–63) 0.5 l/ha
◇ first fruit has reached typical size on 1 cluster (BBCH 71) 0.5 l/ha
◆ first fruit has reached typical size on 2–3 clusters (BBCH 72–73) 0.5 l/ha
PEPPER

Number of foliar treatments: 2-4. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 8–9 or more leaves unfolded on the main shoot (BBCH 18–19) 0.5 l/ha
◇ 9 or more flower buds visible until beginning of flowering (BBCH 59–61) 0.5 l/ha
◇ beginning of fruit development, 1–3 fruit have reached typical size and form (BBCH 71–73) 0.5 l/ha
◆ fruit development, 4–6 fruit have reached typical size and form (BBCH 74–76) 0.5 l/ha
EGGPLANT

Number of foliar treatments: 2–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 8–9 or more leaves unfolded on the main shoot (BBCH 18–19) 0.5 l/ha
◇ 9 or more flower buds visible until beginning of flowering (BBCH 59–61) 0.5 l/ha
◇ beginning of fruit development, 1–3 fruit have reached typical size and form (BBCH 71–73) 0.5 l/ha
◆ fruit development, 4–6 fruit have reached typical size and form (BBCH 74–76) 0.5 l/ha
CUCUMBER

Number of foliar treatments: 3–6. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 3–5 true leaves unfolded on the main stem (BBCH 13–15) 0.5 l/ha
◇ 6–9 or more leaves unfolded on the main shoot (BBCH 16–19) 0.5 l/ha
◆ formation of primary side shoots (BBCH 21–29) 0.5 l/ha
◇ 1–2 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 51–52) 0.5 l/ha
◇ 6–7 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 56–57) 0.5 l/ha
◆ first fruit on the main stem has reached typical size and form (BBCH 71) 0.5 l/ha
PUMPKIN

Number of foliar treatments: 3–5. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ 4–9 true leaves on the main stem unfolded (BBCH 14–19) 0.5 l/ha
◆ formation of primary side shoots (BBCH 21–29) 0.5 l/ha
◆ 1–2 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 51–52) 0.5 l/ha
◇ 6–7 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 56–57) 0.5 l/ha
◆ first fruit on the main stem has reached typical size and form (BBCH 71) 0.5 l/ha
CUCURBIT

Number of foliar treatments: 3–5. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ 4–9 true leaves on the main stem unfolded (BBCH 14–19) 0.5 l/ha
◆ formation of primary side shoots (BBCH 21–29) 0.5 l/ha
◆ 1–2 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 51–52 0.5 l/ha
◇ 6–7 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 56–57) 0.5 l/ha
◆ first fruit on the main stem has reached typical size and form (BBCH 71) 0.5 l/ha
MELON

Number of foliar treatments: 3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 3–5 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 13–15) 0.5 l/ha
◆ formation of primary side shoots (BBCH 21–29) 0.5 l/ha
◆ 1–2 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 51–52) 0.5 l/ha
WATERMELON

Number of foliar treatments: 3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 3–5 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 13–15) 0.5 l/ha
◆ formation of primary side shoots (BBCH 21–29) 0.5 l/ha
◆ 1–2 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 51–52) 0.5 l/ha
BULB VEGETABLES

Number of foliar treatments: 3-4. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ 3–5 clearly visible leaves (BBCH 13–15) 0.5 l/ha
◆ leaf development (BBCH 16–19) 0.5 l/ha
◆ harvestable plant parts begin to develop (BBCH 41–43) 0.5 l/ha
◆ development of harvestable plant parts (BBCH 45–47) 0.5 l/ha
BROCCOLI

Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 5–6 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–16) 0.5 l/ha
◆ 3–8 side shoots visible (BBCH 23–28) 0.5 l/ha
◇ broccoli head begins to grow (> 1 cm) until head reaches 20% of typical size (BBCH 41–42) 0.5 l/ha
CAULIFLOWER

Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 5–6 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–16) 0.5 l/ha
◇ 7–9 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 17–19) 0.5 l/ha
◆ cauliflower head begins to grow (> 1 cm) until head reaches 20% of typical size (BBCH 41–42) 0.5 l/ha
WHITE HEAD CABBAGE

Number of foliar treatments: 2-4. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 5–6 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–16) 0.5 l/ha
◇ 7–9 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 17–19) 0.5 l/ha
◇ head reaches 20–30% of typical size (BBCH 42–43) 0.5 l/ha
◆ head reaches 60–80% of typical size (BBCH 46–48) 0.5 l/ha
RED HEAD CABBAGE
Number of foliar treatments: 2-4. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ 5–6 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–16) 0.5 l/ha
◇ 7–9 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 17–19) 0.5 l/ha
◇ head reaches 20–30% of typical size (BBCH 42–43) 0.5 l/ha
◆ head reaches 60–80% of typical size (BBCH 46–48) 0.5 l/ha
SAVOY CABAGE
Number of foliar treatments: 2-4. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ 5–6 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–16) 0.5 l/ha
◇ 7–9 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 17–19) 0.5 l/ha
◇ head reaches 20–30% of typical size (BBCH 42–43) 0.5 l/ha
◆ head reaches 60–80% of typical size (BBCH 46–48) 0.5 l/ha
CHINESE CABBAGE
Number of foliar treatments: 1-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ 3–5 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 13–15) 0.5 l/ha
◇ 6–9 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 16–19) 0.5 l/ha
◇ head reaches 20–40% of typical size (BBCH 42–44) 0.5 l/ha
BRUSSELS SPROUTS

Number of foliar treatments: 2-4. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 5–7 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–17) 0.5 l/ha
◆ main shoot reaches 30–70% of typical size (BBCH 33–37) 0.5 l/ha
◇ development of lateral buds until first sprouts close tightly (BBCH 41–43) 0.5 l/ha
◇ 60–80% of sprouts tightly closed (BBCH 46–48) 0.5 l/ha
KOHLRABI

Number of foliar treatments: 1-2. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ 5–9 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–19) 0.5 l/ha
◆ head begins to expand until reaches 30% of typical size (BBCH 41–43) 0.5 l/ha
RADISH

Number of foliar treatments: 1-2. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ 5–9 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–19) 0.5 l/ha
◆ root begins to expand until it reaches 30% of typical size (BBCH 41–43) 0.5 l/ha
KALE

Number of foliar treatments: 1-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 5–7 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–17) 0.5 l/ha
◇ main shoot has reached 30–50% of final height (BBCH 33–35) 0.5 l/ha
◇ 30–50% of the leaf mass reached (BBCH 43–45) 0.5 l/ha
CARROT  

Number of foliar treatments: 2–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ 3–4 true leaves (BBCH 13–14) 0.5 l/ha
◆ 5 true leaves / root begins to expand until root reaches 20% of typical diameter (BBCH 15/41–42) 0.5 l/ha
◇ root reaches 30–40% of typical diameter (BBCH 43–44) 0.5 l/ha
◆ root reaches 70–80% of typical diameter (BBCH 47–48) 0.5 l/ha
PARSLEY  

Number of foliar treatments: 2–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ 3–4 true leaves (BBCH 13–14) 0.5 l/ha
◆ 5 true leaves / root begins to expand until root reaches 20% of typical diameter (BBCH 15/41–42) 0.5 l/ha
◇ root reaches 30–40% of typical diameter (BBCH 43–44) 0.5 l/ha
◆ root reaches 70–80% of typical diameter (BBCH 47–48) 0.5 l/ha
PARSNIP

Number of foliar treatments: 2-4. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ 3–4 true leaves (BBCH 13–14) 0.5 l/ha
◆ 5 true leaves / root begins to expand until root reaches 20% of typical diameter (BBCH 15/41–42) 0.5 l/ha
◇ root reaches 30–40% of typical diameter (BBCH 43–44) 0.5 l/ha
◆ root reaches 70–80% of typical diameter (BBCH 47–48) 0.5 l/ha
CELERY

Number of foliar treatments: seedling – 1; field grown 2–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

Seedling

◆ 2–3 true leaves (BBCH 12–13)

watering or spraying
0.05% solution

Field-grown

◆ 7–8 true leaves (BBCH 17–18)
0.5 l/ha
◇ 9 true leaves / root begins to expand until root reaches 20% of typical diameter (BBCH 19/41–42) 0.5 l/ha
◇ root reaches 30–40% of typical diameter (BBCH 43–44) 0.5 l/ha
◆ root reaches 50–80% of typical diameter (BBCH 45–48) 0.5 l/ha
BEETROOT
Number of foliar treatments: 2-4. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◇ 2–4 true leaves / 1–2 pairs of leaves (BBCH 12–14) 0.5 l/ha
◆ 5 true leaves / beginning of crop cover (BBCH 15/31) 0.5 l/ha
◇ storage root begins to develop, diameter above 2 cm (BBCH 41–43) 0.5 l/ha
◆ root reaches 40–70% of typical diameter (BBCH 44–47) 0.5 l/ha
PEA

Number of foliar treatments: 3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ development of leaves and shoots (BBCH 15–39)

0.5 l/ha

◆ first flower buds visible outside leaves until first separated flower buds visible outside leaves, but remain closed (BBCH 51–55) 0.5 l/ha
◆ 10–30% of pods have reached typical length (BBCH 71–73) 0.5 l/ha
BEAN

Number of foliar treatments: 3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ formation of side shoots (BBCH 21–29)

0.5 l/ha

◆ first flower buds visible until first flower buds have enlarged (BBCH 51–55) 0.5 l/ha
◆ beginning of pod development, 10–30% of pods have reached typical length (BBCH 71–73) 0.5 l/ha
VEGETABLES SEEDLINGS

Number of treatments: 1.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 1 leaf unfolded until 3 leaves (BBCH 11–13)

watering or spraying
0.05% solution (0.05 l in 100 l of water)

MINOR CROPS AND HOBBY PLANTS

Number of treatments: 2–5.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ every 7–28 days from the resumption of vegetation, starting from the early vegetative stages

watering or spraying
0.05% solution (0.05 l in 100 l of water)