PLONVIT SULVIT

PLONVIT SULVIT
Liquid, highly concentrated, foliar fertilizer reach in sulphur in form easily available by plants
Available packaging
  •     1l; 5l; 20l; 500l; 1000l
Directions for use
Foliar sprays
Liquid, highly concentrated, foliar fertilizer reach in sulphur in form easily available by plants
  1. FOLIAR SPRAYS
    PLONVIT SULVIT is intended for foliar application in the form of an aqueous solution. PLONVIT SULVIT can be used together with other agrochemicals after conducting a miscibility test. Test results are presented in the table INTERMAG agrochemicals mixing table.
    Detailed recommendations for foliar application are presented in the table below. You can also use the search engine and quickly find the dose rate and time of foliar application for your crop. Select your crop

 

  1. USE IN COMBINATION with UAN SOLUTION (or other liquid nitrogen fertilizers)
    SULVIT may be used in combination with urea-ammonium nitrate solution to increase the effectiveness of nitrogen utilisation (sulphur present in SULVIT is an urease and nitrogenase inhibitor).

    Dosage: 2–4 l of SULVIT in 100 l of UAN.

 

Ad. 1. Recommendations for foliar application for selected crops.
The recommendations may be modified taking into account the plants' requirements and growing conditions.

WHEAT winter crop
Number of foliar treatments: 2–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

Autumn:

◇ 3–4 leaves unfolded (BBCH 13–14)

5 l/ha

Spring:

◆ tillering (BBCH 22–29)

5 l/ha

◆ stem elongation (BBCH 30–39)

5 l/ha
◇ heading – until early milk maturity of grains (BBCH 51–73) except of flowering period, when foliar treatments are not recommended 5 l/ha
WHEAT spring crop

Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ leaf development – tillering (BBCH 13–29)

5 l/ha
◆ stem elongation (BBCH 30–39) 5 l/ha

◇ heading – until early milk maturity of grains (BBCH 51–73) except of flowering period, when foliar treatments are not recommended

5 l/ha
TRITICALE winter crop

Number of foliar treatments: 2–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

Autumn:
◇ 3–4 leaves unfolded (BBCH 13–14)

5 l/ha

Spring:
 continuation of tillering (BBCH 25–29)

5 l/ha
◆ stem elongation (BBCH 30–39) 5 l/ha

◇ heading – until early milk maturity of grains (BBCH 51–73) except of flowering period, when foliar treatments are not recommended

5 l/ha
TRITICALE spring crop
Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ leaf development – tillering (BBCH 13–29) 5 l/ha
◆ stem elongation (BBCH 30–39) 5 l/ha
◇ heading – until early milk maturity of grains (BBCH 51–73) except of flowering period, when foliar treatments are not recommended 5 l/ha
BARLEY (FEED) winter crop
Number of foliar treatments: 2–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

Autumn
◇ leaf development – until beginning of tillering (BBCH 13–22)

5 l/ha

Spring
◆ beginning of steam elongation (BBCH 30–32)

5 l/ha
◆ flag leaf stage – until first awns visible (BBCH 39–49) 5 l/ha
◇ end of flowering – until medium milk maturity of grains (BBCH 69–75) 5 l/ha
BARLEY (FEED) spring crop

Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

 leaf development – until beginning of steam elongation (BBCH 13–32)

5 l/ha

◆ flag leaf stage – until first awns visible (BBCH 39–49)

5 l/ha

◇ end of flowering – until medium milk maturity of grains (BBCH 69–75)

5 l/ha
BARLEY (MALTING) winter crop
Number of foliar treatments: 1-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

Autumn:

◇ leaf development – until beginning of tillering (BBCH 13–22)

5 l/ha

Spring:

◆ beginning of steam elongation (BBCH 30–32)

5 l/ha

/◆ flag leaf stage – until first awns visible (BBCH 39–49)

Treatment is considered optimal for crops in soils with low content of mineral nitrogen.

5 l/ha
BARLEY (MALTING) spring crop
Number of foliar treatments: 1-2. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ leaf development – until beginning of steam elongation (BBCH 13–32)

5 l/ha

/◆ flag leaf stage – until first awns visible (BBCH 39–49)

Treatment is considered optimal for crops in soils with low content of mineral nitrogen.

5 l/ha
RYE winter crop

Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

Autumn:
 leaf development – until beginning of tillering (BBCH 13–22)

5 l/ha

Spring:
◆ beginning of steam elongation (BBCH 30–32)

5 l/ha
◆ flag leaf stage – until beginning of heading (BBCH 39–51) 5 l/ha
RYE spring crop
Number of foliar treatments: 2. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ leaf development – until beginning of steam elongation (BBCH 13–32) 5 l/ha
◆ flag leaf stage – until beginning of heading (BBCH 39–51) 5 l/ha
OAT

Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ leaf development – until beginning of tillering (BBCH 13–22) 5 l/ha
◆ stem elongation – until flag leaf stage (BBCH 30–39) 5 l/ha
◇ end of flowering – until early milk maturity of grains (BBCH 69–73) 5 l/ha
OILSEED RAPE winter crops

Number of foliar treatments: 3–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

Autumn:
◆ 4–6 leaves unfolded (BBCH 14–16)

5–10 l/ha

Spring:
◆ after spring start of plant growth, main stem development (BBCH 30–36)

5–10 l/ha
◆ inflorescence emergence – until beginning of flowering (BBCH 50–61) 5–10 l/ha

◇/◆ full flowering (beginning of petals fall) – until beginning of pods development (BBCH 65–73)

Treatment is considered optimal for plantations, where abundant nitrogen fertilisation has been applied.

5–10 l/ha
CANOLA
Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ leaf development – until beginning of main stem development (BBCH 14–31) 5–10 l/ha
◆ inflorescence emergence – until beginning of flowering (BBCH 50–61) 5–10 l/ha

◇/◆ full flowering (beginning of petals fall) – until beginning of pods development (BBCH 65–73)

Treatment is considered optimal for plantations, where abundant nitrogen fertilisation has been applied.

5–10 l/ha
SUNFLOWER

Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 2–3 pairs of leaves (BBCH 14–16) 4–6 l/ha
◆ stem elongation (BBCH 30–35) 4–6 l/ha
◇ inflorescence development (BBCH 51–55) 4–6 l/ha
FLAX

Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ leaf development on the main stem (BBCH 12–19) 4–6 l/ha
◆ stem growth (BBCH 30–39) 4–6 l/ha
◇ inflorescence development (BBCH 51–55) 4–6 l/ha
MAIZE

Number of foliar treatments: 2. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 2–6 leaves unfolded (BBCH 12–16), 4 leaves is the optimum stage for treatment 5 l/ha
◆ 7–8 leaves unfolded (BBCH 17–18) 5 l/ha
SUGAR BEET

Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 4–6 leaves unfolded (BBCH 14–16) 5 l/ha
◆ 8 leaves unfolded – until beginning of crop cover (BBCH 18–31) 5 l/ha
◇ leaves cover 20–50% of the ground (BBCH 32–35) 5 l/ha
POTATO

Number of foliar treatments: 3–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 3–6 leaves unfolded on the main shoot (BBCH 13–16) 5 l/ha
◆ formation of side shoots until crop cover (BBCH 21–39) 5 l/ha
◆ tuber initiation until tubers reach 50% of typical weight (BBCH 40–45) 5 l/ha
◇tubers reach 60–70% of typical weight (BBCH 46–47) 5 l/ha
SOYBEAN

Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ trifoliolate leaf on the 5th node unfolded – beginning of side shoots development  (BBCH 15–23) 5 l/ha
◆ first flower buds enlarged – beginning of flowering (BBCH 55–61) 5 l/ha
◇ beginning of pods and seeds development (BBCH 70–72) 5 l/ha
POPPY SEED
Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ development of leaves and shoots (BBCH 13–29) 5 l/ha
◆ inflorescence development (BBCH 51–55)  5 l/ha
◇ first poppy seed pods begin to form (BBCH 71–73) 5 l/ha
SORGHUM

Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 2–6 leaves (BBCH 12–16); optimum time for treatment is 4 leaves 4–6 l/ha
◆ leaf development until beginning of stem elongation (BBCH 17–31) 4–6 l/ha
◇ stem elongation until beginning of tassel formation (BBCH 33–51)  4–6 l/ha
SUGAR CANE

Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 4–9 leaves (BBCH 14–19) 4–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of stem elongation (BBCH 31–33) 4–6 l/ha
◇ stem elongation until beginning of tassel development (BBCH 35–51) 4–6 l/ha
RICE

Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ tillering (BBCH 21–29) 4–6 l/ha
◆ beginning of stem elongation (BBCH 30–32) 4–6 l/ha
◇ beginning of panicle emergence (BBCH 51–53) 4–6 l/ha
COTTON

Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 200–300 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 4th–6th true leaf unfolded (BBCH 14–16) 4–6 l/ha
◆ formation of side shoots – until 50% of plants meet between rows (BBCH 21–35) 4–6 l/ha
◇ inflorescence emergence – until beginning of flowering (BBCH 51–61) 4–6 l/ha
APPLE TREE

Number of foliar treatments: up to 2. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ fruit development (BBCH 71–75), 2 treatments every 14–28 days

 

Remark! 
When used at the beginning of petal falling (BBCH 65), the fertiliser at a dose of 15 l/ha causes fruit thinning.

3–5 l/ha
PEAR TREE

Number of foliar treatments: up to 2. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ fruit development (BBCH 71–75), 2 treatments every 14–28 days

 

Remark! 
When used at the beginning of petal falling (BBCH 65), the fertiliser at a dose of 15 l/ha causes fruit thinning.

3–5 l/ha
CHERRY TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 2–5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ green bud stage until white bud stage (BBCH 55–59) 2–3 l/ha
◇ beginning of flowering (BBCH 60–61) 2–3 l/ha
◆ end of flowering until beginning of fruit falling (BBCH 69–73) 2–3 l/ha
◆ fruit reaches 30–50% of typical size (BBCH 73–75) 2–3 l/ha
◇ immediately after fruit harvesting (BBCH 91) 2–3 l/ha
SWEET CHERRY TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 2–5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ green bud stage until white bud stage (BBCH 55–59) 2–3 l/ha
◇ beginning of flowering (BBCH 60–61) 2–3 l/ha
◆ end of flowering until beginning of fruit falling (BBCH 69–73) 2–3 l/ha
◆ fruit reaches 30–50% of typical size (BBCH 73–75) 2–3 l/ha
◇ immediately after fruit harvesting (BBCH 91) 2–3 l/ha
PLUM TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 2-5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ green bud stage until white bud stage (BBCH 55–59) 2–3 l/ha
◇ beginning of flowering (BBCH 60–61) 2–3 l/ha
◆ end of flowering until beginning of fruit falling (BBCH 69–73) 2–3 l/ha
◆ fruit development (BBCH 73–75) 2–3 l/ha
◇ immediately after fruit harvesting (BBCH 91) 2–3 l/ha
PEACH TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 2-5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ green bud stage until white bud stage (BBCH 55–59) 2–3 l/ha
◇ beginning of flowering (BBCH 60–61) 2–3 l/ha
◆ end of flowering until beginning of fruit falling (BBCH 69–73) 2–3 l/ha
◆ fruit development (BBCH 73–75) 2–3 l/ha
◇ immediately after fruit harvesting (BBCH 91) 2–3 l/ha
APRICOT TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 2-5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ green bud stage until white bud stage (BBCH 55–59) 2–3 l/ha
◇ beginning of flowering (BBCH 60–61) 2–3 l/ha
◆ end of flowering until beginning of fruit falling (BBCH 69–73) 2–3 l/ha
◆ fruit development (BBCH 73–75) 2–3 l/ha
◇ immediately after fruit harvesting (BBCH 91) 2–3 l/ha
CITRUS

Number of foliar treatments: 3. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ shoot about 20% of final length (BBCH 32) 2–3 l/ha
◆ flowers visible but still closed (green bud) – until white bud phase (BBCH 55–56) 2–3 l/ha
◆  beginning of fruit development – until beginning of natural fruit drop (BBCH 71–73) 2–3 l/ha
OLIVE TREE

Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ shoot development (BBCH 31–35) 2–3 l/ha
◆ bud development (BBCH 51–53) 2–3 l/ha
◇ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71–73) 2–3 l/ha
COFFEE

Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ formation of branches (BBCH 21–29) 2–3 l/ha
◆ branch elongation (BBCH 31–39) 2–3 l/ha
◇ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71–73) 2–3 l/ha
MANGO

Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ leaf and shoot development (BBCH 13–19) 2–3 l/ha
◆ shoot development (BBCH 31–39)  2–3 l/ha
◇ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71–73) 2–3 l/ha
AVOCADO

Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ leaf and shoot development (BBCH 13–19) 2–3 l/ha
◆ shoot development (BBCH 31–39)  2–3 l/ha
◇ fruit development (BBCH 71–75) 2–3 l/ha
PAPAYA

Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ leaf development (BBCH 14–19) 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of stem growth (BBCH 31–35) 2–3 l/ha
◇ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71–73) 2–3 l/ha
GOOSEBERRY

Number of foliar treatments: 1-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ beginning of vegetation, during leaf and fruit development, 1–2 treatments every 7–14 days 2–3 l/ha
◇ after fruit harvesting 2–3 l/ha
RASPBERRY fruiting on the annual shoots

Number of foliar treatments: 3–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ shoots reach 10–30% of final length (BBCH 31–33) 2–3 l/ha
◆ shoots reach 40–60% of final length (BBCH 34–36) 2–3 l/ha
◆ inflorescence development (BBCH 51–57) 2–3 l/ha
◇ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71–75) 2–3 l/ha
RASPBERRY fruiting on the biannual shoots

Number of foliar treatments: 2–5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ leaf and shoot development (BBCH 13–39) 2–3 l/ha
◇ inflorescence development (BBCH 51–54) 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71–72) 2–3 l/ha
◇ immediately after fruit harvesting, 1–2 treatments every 10–21 days, before bud formation for the following vegetative season 2–3 l/ha
CURRANT

Number of foliar treatments: 2–5. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ leaf and shoot development (BBCH 15–39) 2–3 l/ha
◇ buds closed until leaf tips above bud scales (BBCH 51–55) 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71–73) 2–3 l/ha
◇ immediately after fruit harvesting, 1–2 treatments every 10–21 days, before bud formation for the following vegetative season 2–3 l/ha
GRAPEVINE

Number of foliar treatments: 2–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 6th–8th leaves unfolded (BBCH 16–18) 2–3 l/ha
◆ beginning of inflorescences emergence – until inflorescences swelling (BBCH 53–55) 2–3 l/ha
◇ fruit development – until berries pea-sized (BBCH 71–75) 2 treatments every 10–14 days 2–3 l/ha
STRAWBERRY – plantations without fertigation – Summer-bearing varieties, not yet fruiting plantations – planted in autumn
Number of foliar treatments: 2. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ Spring – leaf and crown development 2–3 l/ha
◆ Summer – further vegetative development and bud initiation for next season 2–3 l/ha
STRAWBERRY – plantations without fertigation – Summer-bearing varieties, fully fruiting plantations

Number of foliar treatments: 2–6. Optimum amount of working solution: 500–1,000 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ after start of growing season: 5th–7th leaf unfolded (BBCH 15–17) 2–3 l/ha
◆ balloon stage (forming of „hollow ball”) (BBCH 58–59) 2–3 l/ha
◇ beginning of flowering (BBCH 60–61) 2–3 l/ha
◇ beginning of fruit development (BBCH 71–73) 2–3 l/ha
◇ after fruit harvest, 1–2 treatments every 10–21 days 2–3 l/ha
TOMATO

Number of foliar treatments: 2–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 5–8 leaves unfolded on the main shoot (BBCH 15–18) 2–3 l/ha
◆ 1–3 inflorescences visible (BBCH 51–53) 2–3 l/ha
◇ first flowers open on 1–3 inflorescences (BBCH 61–63) 2–3 l/ha
◇ first fruit has reached the typical size on 1 cluster (BBCH 71) 2–3 l/ha
PEPPER

Number of foliar treatments: 1-5. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 5–8 leaves unfolded on the main shoot (BBCH 15–18) 2–3 l/ha
◆ 1–3 inflorescences visible (BBCH 51–53) 2–3 l/ha
◇ first flowers open on 1–3 inflorescences (BBCH 61–63) 2–3 l/ha
◇ first fruit has reached the typical size on 1 cluster (BBCH 71) 2–3 l/ha
CUCUMBER

Number of foliar treatments: 2–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 3–9 true leaves unfolded on the main stem (BBCH 13–19) 2–3 l/ha
◆ formation of primary side shoots (BBCH 21–29) 2–3 l/ha
◇ 1–2 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 51–52) 2–3 l/ha
◇ after first harvest (BBCH 71) 2–3 l/ha
PUMPKIN

Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 6–8 leaves unfolded on the main shoot (BBCH 16–18) 2–3 l/ha
◆ 1–2 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 51–52) 2–3 l/ha
◇ fruit development (BBCH 71–77) 2–3 l/ha
ZUCCHINI

Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (¨ optimum periods; à optional/complementary periods):

◆ 6–8 leaves unfolded on the main shoot (BBCH 16–18) 2–3 l/ha
◆ 1–2 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 51–52) 2–3 l/ha
◇ fruit development (BBCH 71–77) 2–3 l/ha
CUCURBIT
Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (¨ optimum periods; à optional/complementary periods):
◆ 6–8 leaves unfolded on the main shoot (BBCH 16–18) 2–3 l/ha
◆ 1–2 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 51–52) 2–3 l/ha
◇ fruit development (BBCH 71–77) 2–3 l/ha
MELON

Number of foliar treatments: 2-5. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 6–8 true leaves on the main stem unfolded (BBCH 16–18) 2–3 l/ha
◆ formation of primary side shoots (BBCH 21–29) 2–3 l/ha
◇ 1–2 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 51–52) 2–3 l/ha
◇ fruit development (BBCH 71–77), 2 treatments every 14–21 days 2–3 l/ha
WATERMELON

Number of foliar treatments: 2-5. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 6–8 true leaves on the main stem unfolded (BBCH 16–18) 2–3 l/ha
◆ formation of primary side shoots (BBCH 21–29) 2–3 l/ha
◇ 1–2 flower initials with elongated ovary visible on the main stem (BBCH 51–52) 2–3 l/ha
◇ fruit development (BBCH 71–77), 2 treatments every 14–21 days 2–3 l/ha
BULB VEGETABLES

Number of foliar treatments: 3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 3–5 clearly visible leaves (BBCH 13–15) 5 l/ha
◆ 6–9 and more clearly visible leaves (BBCH 16–19) 5 l/ha
◇ leaf bases begin to thicken until bulb reaches 50% of expected diameter (BBCH 41–45) 5 l/ha
BROCCOLI

Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 5–6 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–16) 5 l/ha
◆ 7 leaves until 2 side shoots visible (BBCH 17–22) 5 l/ha
◇ 3–8 side shoots visible (BBCH 23–28)  5 l/ha
CAULIFLOWER

Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 5–6 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–16) 5 l/ha
◆ 7–8 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 17–18) 5 l/ha
◇ 9 and more true leaves unfolded (BBCH 19) 5 l/ha
WHITE HEAD CABBAGE

Number of foliar treatments: 3–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 5–6 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–16) 5 l/ha
◆ 7–9 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 17–19) 5 l/ha
◆ head begins to grow until head reaches 30% of typical size (BBCH 41–43) 5 l/ha
◇ head reaches 40–70% of typical size (BBCH 44–47) 5 l/ha
RED HEAD CABBAGE
Number of foliar treatments: 3–4. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ 5–6 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–16) 5 l/ha
◆ 7–9 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 17–19) 5 l/ha
◆ head begins to grow until head reaches 30% of typical size (BBCH 41–43) 5 l/ha
◇ head reaches 40–70% of typical size (BBCH 44–47) 5 l/ha
SAVOY CABAGE
Number of foliar treatments: 3-4. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ 5–6 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–16) 5 l/ha
◆ 7–9 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 17–19) 5 l/ha
◆ head begins to grow until head reaches 30% of typical size (BBCH 41–43) 5 l/ha
◇ head reaches 40–70% of typical size (BBCH 44–47) 5 l/ha
CHINESE CABBAGE
Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◆ 3–5 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 13–15) 5 l/ha
◆ head begins to grow (BBCH 41) 5 l/ha
◇ head begins to grow (BBCH 41) 5 l/ha
BRUSSELS SPROUTS

Number of foliar treatments: 2–3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 5–7 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–17) 5 l/ha
◆ main shoot reaches 30–70% of typical size (BBCH 33–37) 5 l/ha
◇ development of lateral buds until first sprouts close tightly (BBCH 41–43) 5 l/ha
KOHLRABI

Number of foliar treatments: 2. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 5–9 or more leaves (BBCH 15–19) 5 l/ha
◆  head begins to expand (BBCH 41) 5 l/ha
RADISH

Number of foliar treatments: 2. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 5–9 leaves (BBCH 15–19) 5 l/ha
◆ head begins to expand (BBCH 41) 5 l/ha
KALE

Number of foliar treatments: 2-3. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 5–7 true leaves unfolded (BBCH 15–17) 5 l/ha
◆ main shoot has reached 30–50% of final height (BBCH 33–35) 5 l/ha
◇ 30–50% of typical leaf mass reached (BBCH 43–45) 5 l/ha
CARROT

Number of foliar treatments: up to 2. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◇ 3–4 true leaves (BBCH 13–14) 3–5 l/ha
◇ root begins to expand (BBCH 41–43) 3–5 l/ha
PARSLEY
Number of foliar treatments: up to 2. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◇ 3–4 true leaves (BBCH 13–14) 3–5 l/ha
◇ root begins to expand (BBCH 41–43) 3–5 l/ha
PARSNIP
Number of foliar treatments: up to 2. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◇ 3–4 true leaves (BBCH 13–14) 3–5 l/ha
◇ root begins to expand (BBCH 41–43) 3–5 l/ha
CELERY
Number of foliar treatments: up to 2. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◇ 5–6 true leaves (BBCH 15–16), approx.. 7 days after planting seedlings 3–5 l/ha
◇ root begins to expand (BBCH 41–43) 3–5 l/ha
BEETROOT
Number of foliar treatments: up to 2. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):
◇ 3–4 true leaves (BBCH 13–14) 3–5 l/ha
◇ root begins to expand (BBCH 41–43) 3–5 l/ha
PEA

Number of foliar treatments: 1–2. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ 8 true leaves until 5 visible internodes on the stem (BBCH 18–35)

3–5 l/ha

◇ first flower buds visible outside leaves until first separated flower buds visible outside leaves, but remain closed (BBCH 51–55) 3–5 l/ha
BEAN

Number of foliar treatments:1–2. Optimum amount of working solution: 400–600 l/ha.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ formation of side shoots (BBCH 21–29)

3–5 l/ha

◇ first flower buds visible until first flower buds have enlarged (BBCH 51–55) 3–5 l/ha
VEGETABLES SEEDLINGS

Number of treatments: 1-2.
Proposed periods of use (◆ optimum periods; ◇ optional/complementary periods):

◆ leaves fully developed until 2 leaves (BBCH 10–12)

spraying
0.25–0.3% solution

◇ 7–10 days after first treatment